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Ch.1 AP Vo.c

Ch.1 AP Voc.

Structuralism based on the notation that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related
Functionalism Based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness,rather than its structure
Natural Selection Heritable characteristics that provide a survival or reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative characteristics to be passed down through the generation
Unconscious Thoughts,memories, and desires that are well below the surface of conscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior.
Psychoanalytic Theory attempts to explain personality,motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior
Behaviorism theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior.
Behavior Refers to any overt response or activity by an organism
Applied psychology Branch of psychology concerned with everyday practical problems
Clinical Psychology Branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders
Cognition mental processes involved in acquiring information
Ethnocentrism tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways
Evolutionary Psychology Examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for members of a species over the course of many generations
Positive Psychology Uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human nature
Empiricism Premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation
Theory system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations
Culture Widely shared customs,beliefs,values,norms,institutions, and other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations.
Critical thinking use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desirable outcome
Created by: TaylorFerguson