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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

binomial nomenclature two-word naming system that gives all organisms their scientific name
biogenesis theory that living things come only from other living things
cell smallest unit of an organism that can carry on life functions
control standard to which the outcome of a test is compared
genus first word of the two-word scientific name used to identify a group of similar species
homeostasis regulation of an organism's internal, life-maintaining conditions
hypothesis prediction that can be tested
kingdom first and largest category used to classify organisms
law statement about how things work in nature that seems to be true consistently
organism any living thing
phylogeny evolutionary history of an organism; used today to group organisms into six kingdoms
scientific method procedures used to solve problems and answer questions that can include stating the problem, gathering information, forming a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis with an experiment, analyzing data, and drawing conclusions
spontaneous generation idea that living things come from nonliving things
theory explanation of things or events based on scientific knowledge resulting from many observations and experiments
variable something in an experiment that can change
Created by: jrobertson1