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Life Science

herbivore All the living things in an ecosystem.
carnivore An animal that eats other animals.
omnivore An animal that eats both plants and animals.
organism Any living thing.
producer An organism that makes its own food.(plants)
consumer An organism that cannot make its own food and must eat other organisms to survive.
decomposer An organism that breaks down other organisms.
predator An animal that hunts another animal for food.
prey An animal that is hunted by another animal for food.
parasite An organism that lives in or on another organism and feeds on them.
host The organism that a parasite lives in or on.
food chain The path that energy and nutrients follow in an ecosysytem.
food web The overlapping food chains in an ecosystem.
primary consumer An organism that eats producers.
secondary consumers An organism that eats primary consumers.
habitat Physical area in which an organism lives.
niche An organism's particular role in an ecosystem, or how it makes its living.
adaptation A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a partic ularparticular environment.
metamorphosis The change in shape and form some organisms go through during their life cycles.
camouflage A structural adaptation that enables an organism to blend in with its environment to hide from predators.
migration A movement of people or animals from one region to another, usualy due to a change in enviornment or weather.
life cycle The entire span in the life of an organism from one generation to the next.
species A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile offspring.
larva An immature form of an animal that looks very different from the adult.
instinct A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned, A complex inborn pattern of behaviors that help ensure survival and reproduction.
ecosystem A system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment.
extinct A term that typically describes a species that no longer has any known living individuals.
population The number of organisms of a particular species in a community.
community All the living things in an ecosystem.
hibernation A period of inactivity that some animals experience in winter that allows them to survive on stored body fat.
inherited trait A characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring.
Created by: ahabtem1