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Chapter 3

First Aid and Rescue

What are the first three steps when approaching an unconscious person? 1. "Are you okay?" 2. Send for help. 3. Check ABC
How do you check for pulse? Find the carotid artery in the groove to the side of the larynx.
List the 4 reasons to stop CPR. 1. Patient resumes normal circulation and ventilation 2. Other qualified help takes over 3. Physician takes over 4. Physical exhaustion
Define xiphoid process. Cartilage located at the lower end of the sternum.
How far should you depress the chest in CPR? 1-1/2 or 2' for an adult, 1/3' for children.
What is angina pectoris? The need for oxygenated blood to the heart muscle exceeds the supply. Treat with nitroglycerin.
What does CHF stand for, and what is it? Congestive heart failure. Fluid in the lungs usually following a MI.
What does CVA stand for? Cerebrovascular accident, or stroke.
What are signs of brain swelling during or after a stroke? High blood pressure and slow pulse.
List the 4 types of wounds. Avulsion, abrasion, laceration, puncture.
List the 4 methods for dealing with wounds. 1. Direct pressure 2. Elevation 3. Arterial pressure 4. Tourniquet
What is a common sign of internal bleeding? Low blood pressure.
List the 7 types of shock. 1. Hemorrhagic 2. Obstructive 3. Cardiogenic 4. Psychogenic 5. Neurogenic 6. Anaphylactic 7. Metabolic
What is the treatment for shock? CPR, elevate the legs, no food or liquid, supply oxygen.
Created by: 2014farm