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Science 5; Test 3

QuestionAnswer
Entomologist A scientist who studies plants
Classification A process of arranging animals and otaher things into groups of their species
Scientific name A name of a plant or animal derived from the genus name and the species name
Vertebrates An animal/mammal with a backbone
Invertebrates An animal/mammal without a backbone
Arthropods Invertabrates which have external skeletons, jointed appendages and segmented bodies
External skeleton The tough, lightweight covering or arthropods
Chitin A tough material that helps make up the external skeleton
Insect A large class of arthropods that have three distinct body regions
Antennae A long movable structure on the head of an invertebrate; uses it to feel, taste, smell or hear
Spiracles A tiny opening in an insects abdomen through which air enters the body
Metamorphosis The change in form that occurs during the life of an inssect, can be complete or incomplete
Completete metamorphosis A processin which an insect goes through the stages of egg, larva, pupa, adult
Incomplete metamorphosis A process which an insect goes through the stages of egg, nymph, adult
Molt A process in which an insect sheds its external skeleton
Nocturnal An animal that is active at night
Arachnids Arthropods which include spiders, scorpions, ticks and mites
Cephalothorax Body region of a spider or crustacean that is like a head and thorax combined
Setae Sensitive hairs responsible for a spider's sense of touch
Book lungs An organ in a spider in which several thin sheets of tissue filled with blood vessels, stacked like pages in a book
Ballooning The method by which young spiders sail through the air on silk strands that carry them from their place of birth to their new homes
Spinnerets Special tubelike structures in a spider that excrete liquid silk when pressure is applied
Platform spider A spider that blankets a small section of ground with a sheet web
Funnel Weaver spider A spider that shapes its web like a funnel
House spider A spider that often weaves webs in the corners of a house
Ogre-faced spider A spider that uses its silk to make a tiny net to catch insects
Trapdoor spider A spider that digs a hole in the ground, lines it with silk and builds a trap door to wait and hunt insects
Spitting spider A spider that spits out a pair of strong sticky threads to catch insects
Jumping spider A spider that uses keen eyesight to skillfully hunt
Fishing spider Large spider that moves across the surace of the water to catch insects and small frogs
Water spider A type of spider that lives its entire life underwater
Black widow A spider that is poisonous to humans, has an hourglass on its abdomen
Brown recluse Poisonous to humans, known by its dark violin shaped mark on top of its body
Tarantula The group of spiders which include the largest spider in the world
Goliath birdeater The largest tarantula in the world
Harvestman An arachnid with 8 long legs, also called daddy long leg
Scorpion Arachnid with a long tail with a poisonous need like pont at the end
Tick An arachnid that feeds on the blood of living creatures
Mite The smallest arachnids
Chigger The immature form of the red harvest mite
Orthoptera "Straight Wings", order of insects which includes crickets, grasshoppers, locusts and roaches
Odonata "Toothed", order of insects which include dragonflies and damselflies
Coleoptera "Sheath Wings", order of insects which includes beetles, June bugs and fireflies
Hemiptera "Half Wings", order of insects which includes bed bugs, stink bugs and water striders
Homoptera "Same Wings", order of insects which includes aphids, tree hoppers and cicadas
Lepidoptera "Scale Wings", order of insects which includes butterflies and moths
Hymenoptera "Membrane Wings", order of insects which includes bees, ants and wasps
Diptera "Two Wings", order of insects which includes flies, gnats and mosquitos
Two kingdoms of Linnaeus' classification system Plant kingdom and animal kingdom
Three body regions of an insect Head, thorax and abdomen
Two types of metamorphosis in insects Complete and incomplete
Two body regions of a spider Abdomen, cephalothorax
Percentage of arthropods that are insects 90%
How many pair of jointed legs do insects have 3
An insect is in this resting stage when it is in its cocoon Pupa
Where does an animal's scientific name come from From its genus and species name, in Greek and Latin
Why did scientists choose to get the name that way Because all educated people were familar with Greek and Latin
Spiders feel with their Setae
What do an insect's spiracles help them do Breathe. It allows air into the body
Created by: Snyderpartyof7