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The Human Body ch.

"Review The Terms"

abdominal cavity The space bounded by the abdominal walls, diaphragm, and pelvis and containing most of the organs of digestion, the spleen, the kidneys, and the adrenal glands.
anterior or ventral pertaining to or toward the front plane of the body, equivalent to the ventral surface of quadrupeds.
blood system includes blood and all its components.
body cavity are the spaces that hold organs
cardiovascular pertaining to or affecting the heart
Cell basic element in the human body
connective tissue fibrous substance that holds and connects body parts together.
coronal plane also known as frontal plane (divides the body into anterior and posterior front and back)
cranial cavity contains the brain
deep away from the surface
diaphragm the muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities
digestive system organs that digest and excrete waste make up
distal away from point of origin
dorsal cavity located on the back contains cranial and spinal cavity
endocrine system system that consists of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete.
epigastric region the area around the stomach
epithelial tissue layer of cells forming the epidermis of the skin and the surface layer of mucous and serous membranes
frontal plane divides the body lengthwise into anterior and posterior portions (front and back)
hypochondriac regions region right below the cartilage of the ribs, immediately over the abdomen
hypogastric region area just below the umbilical region
iliac or inguinal regions regions near the upper portion of the hip bone
inferior below
integumentary system consists of the skin and the accessory structures deliver from it
lateral plane divides the body lenghth wise into right and left sides
left lower quadrant is the abdominal area that contains parts of the intestines and parts of reproductive organs in females
left upper quadrant the area of the abdomen that contains the stomach, spleen, and parts of the liver, pancreas, and intestines
lumbar left and right regions of the body in the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis
lymphatic and immune include the lymph, the glands and vessels
medial towards the middle of the body
midsagittal plane the plane is the imaginary line that divides the body into equal right and left halves
musculoskeletal the system that supports the body, protects organs, provides body movement, and includes muscles, bones, and cartilage
nerve tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and spinal cord from all parts of the body
nervous system regulates most body activities, sends and receives messages from the sensory organs.
nervous tissue tissue with a high degree of excitability and conductivity that makes up the nervous system.
organ structures of two or more tissue that work together to carry put a particular function
pelvic cavity space below the abdominal cavity
posterior or dorsal back of the body
prone laying face down
proximal closet to the point of origin
reproductive system system that controls the reproduction and heredity and is either male or female
respiratory system the system that includes the lungs and airways and performs breathing
right lower quadrant the abdominal area that contains the appendix, parts of the intestines and parts of the reproductive organs in females
right upper quadrant area of the abdomen that contains parts of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and intestinal tract
sagittal or lateral plane divides the body length wise into right and left sides
sensory system covers the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems that are involved in the reactions of the five senses
spinal cavity formed by the vertebrae contains the spinal cord
superficial at or near the body's surface
supine laying on the back face up
system when a group of organs work together for a common purpose
thoracic cavity contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels
tissue are a group of cells with specialized functions.
transverse (cross-sectional) plane divides the body horizontally into upper and lower portions
umbilical region area surrounding the navel
urinary system the system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
ventral cavity located on the front of the body
Created by: eringuymon