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Chapter 5 Flashcards

Medical Terminology 101

abdominal cavity Part of the ventral cavity on the front side of the body. Holds the organs of the digestive and urinary systems.
anterior or ventral Front side.
blood system Includes blood and all its components.
body cavity Spaces that hold organs.
cardiovascular system Includes the heart and blood vessels, which transport blood throughout the body, carrying nutrients to and removing waste from tissues.
cell smallest element; varies in size, shape, and function
connective tissue The fibrous substance that holds and connects body parts together. (bones, ligaments, tendons)
coronal plane Also known as frontal plane; divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.
cranial cavity Holds the brain.
deep Through or away from the surface.
diaphragm Muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
digestive system The organs that digest and excrete waste.
distal Away from the point of attachment to the trunk.
dorsal cavity Back side of the body; divided into the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity.
endocrine system The system that includes the glands that secrete the hormones that regulate many of the body's activities.
epigastric region The area above the stomach.
epithelial tissue Covers the internal and external body surfaces.
frontal plane Also known as coronal plane; divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.
hypochondriac regions The two regions just below cartilage of the ribs, immediately over the abdomen.
inferior Below another structure.
integumentary system Consists of the skin and the accessory structures derived from it. (hair, nails, sweat, and oil glands)
lateral plane To the side, as the eyes are to the nose.
left lower quadrant (LLQ) The abdominal area that contains parts of the intestines and parts of reproductive organs in females.
left upper quadrant (LUQ) The area of the abdomen that contains the stomach, spleen, and parts of the liver, pancreas, and intestines.
lumbar regions The left and right regions of the body in the back and sides between the lowest rib and the pelvis.
lymphatic and immune system Include the lymph, the glands and vessels of the lymphatic system and the nonspecific and specific defenses of the immune system.
medial Middle, as the nose is to the eyes.
midsagittal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into equal right and left halves.
muscle tissue Able to contract and expand, allowing the body to move.
musculoskeletal system The system that supports the body, protects organs, provides body movement, and includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.
nerve One or more bundles of fiber. Use electrical and chemical signals to transmit messages.
nervous system Regulates most body activities and sends and receives messages from the sensory organs.
nervous tissue Tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and spinal cord from all parts of the body.
organ Groups of tissue that work together to perform a specific function.
pelvic cavity Bottom portion of the abdominal cavity; contains the reproductive system.
posterior or dorsal Back side.
prone Lying on their abdomen with their face down.
proximal Near the point of attachment to the trunk.
reproductive system The system that controls reproduction and heredity and is either male or female.
respiratory system The body system that includes the lungs and airways, and performs breathing.
right lower quadrant (RLQ) The are of the abdomen that contains parts of the appendix, parts of the intestines, and parts of the reproductive organs in females.
right upper quadrant (RUQ) The are of the abdomen that contains parts of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and intestinal tract.
sagittal or lateral plane Parallel to the medial plane and divides the body left and right sections.
sensory system Covers the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems that are involved in the reactions of the five senses.
spinal cavity Holds the spinal cord.
superficial Near the surface.
superior Above another structure.
supine Lying on their spine facing upward.
system Group of organs that work together to perform one of the body's major functions.
thoracic cavity Part of the ventral cavity, on the front side of the body; holds the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.
tissue Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.
transverse plane (cross sectional) Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally and divides the body into upper and lower sections.
umbilical region The area surrounding the navel.
urinary system The system that includes the kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra.
ventral cavity On the front side of the body, is divided into the thoracic and abdominal cavities.
iliac or inguinal regions Two regions near the upper portion of the hip bone.
hypogastric region The area just below the umbilical region.
Created by: PRead