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7 Science Chapter 10

protein & chitin exoskeletons are made primarily of these 2 substances
Jean-Henri Fabre he was considered the world's greatest entomologist
insects only group of invertebrates that can fly
labrum upper lip of an insect
labium lower lip of an insect
mandible side to side jaws of an insect
maxillae type of jaw an insect would use to hold food
palps sensory organs used to feel and taste the insect's food
Orthopterans crickets, grasshoppers, katydids, locusts, mantises and cockroaches all belong to this group
Orthopterea straight wings
paper wasps, hornets, yellow jackets three (3) types of social wasps
atlas moth largest lepiopteran
calcium carbonate substance that hardens a crustacean's exoskeleton
true spiders spiders with side to side movement of the chelicerae
mygalomorphs spiders with chelicerae that move up and down
chelicerae pair of appendages which are used for seizing and crushing prey
90 percent of animals species that are arthropods
head of insect first body region; eyes, antennae, mouthparts
thorax of insect middle region; legs, wings
abdomen hindmost region; spiracles, sometimes special appendages
simple eye insect eye with only one lens
compound eye insect eye with more than one lens
Hemiptera order of insects with wings that form an X on their backs (true bugs)
Coleoptera largest order of insects
complete metamorphosis egg, larva, pupa, adult
Hymenoptera order that most social insects belong to
ovipositor female insect's egg laying organ
spiracles openings that allow air to enter into an insect's respiratory system
tracheae tubes connected to an insects spiracles
molting process through which an insect sheds its external skeleton
exoskeleton outside skeleton of an arthropod
proboscis used by moths to drink water
nymph immature form of an insect that resembles the adult but has different body proportions and lacks wings
cocoon structure that moths spend their pupal state in
antennae an insect's "feelers"
elytra a beetle's hardened forewings
sensilla little sense organs
larva the wormlike growing stage of complete metamorphosis
Lepidoptera scaled winged insects (butterflies and moths)
Diptera two winged insects like flies and mosquitoes
Neuroptera lacewings and ant lions
Odonata dragonflies and damselfies
Homoptera same winged insects such as cicadas and leafhoppers
scare predators purpose of eyespots on the luna moth
drones male bees
two number of pairs of wngs that most insect have
moths lepidopterans that are usually nocturnal
carapace the hard shell that covers the cephalothorax of some crustaceans
chelipeds crustacean's claw tipped legs
arachnids group including spiders
millipede wormlike arthropod that has many body segments with 2 pairs of leg on every segment
book lungs respiratory structure of arachnids that with "pages" that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
Created by: Mrs_CC