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Ancient India

6th grade indus river valley, beginnings of hinduism & buddhism

QuestionAnswer
Himalayas world's tallest mountains, Indus River originates here
Mount Everest world's tallest peak, 29,028 feet tall
Indus Valley farmers crops wheat, barley, beans and sesame. Also rice, banana, black pepper, mustard and cotton.
Why could farmers plant twice a year? Due to the hot climate.
Citadel massive fort
migrate move from one place to another to live
Harappa Ancient Indian city named after an Indian god
What is the meaning of Mohenjo-Daro? Mound of the Dead in Sanskrit
What is Sanskrit? ancient Indian language
Name some features of Mohenjo-Daro? 40,000 people, large avenues paved with bricks, used exact measurements to make and build things, wells, sewer system and strong government
Productsof Harappans? carved stone seals, water jars, cooking bowls, copper fish hooks, razors, bronze statues and cloth from cotton
When were Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro abandoned and why? In 1600 B.C, but not sure why. Maybe because an earthquake and flooding.
Where were the Aryan people from? They came from central Asia thru the Hindu Kush Mountains.
What does Aryans mean in Sansdrit? noble ones
When did the Aryans come to the Indus Valley? 1500 B.C.
What is a key part of Hinduism? The belief in a link between a powerful, invisible force and everything in the world.
How many followers are there of Hinduism today? 800 million
Vedas "Books of Knowledge", containing sacred songs of the Aryans
Hinduism grew out of the beliefs of who? Aryans
Caste system Four classes of people
The Priest his mouth
The Princes his arms
His legs professionals and merchants
his feet servants
reincarnation constant cycle of birth, death and rebirth
dharma lawas and duties
Vishnu The One that is the All
Shiva The God of Time and Destruction
Devi The Mother of All Creation
Buddhism based on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Kosala northern kingdom near Hmimalayas -SG was a prince there
Monk a man who devotes his life to a religious group
Karma a force caused by a person's good and bad acts
Four Noble Truths Life is filled with suffering - suffering is caused by peoples wants-suffering can be ended by stopping want- to stop wanting follow eight basic lawas
Eightfold Path a set of instructions on the proper way to live
Middle Way way of life that's neither too strict nor too easy
immortal never dying
broods over thinks about
prey animal hunted for food
India is surrounded by what three bodies of water Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal
Dieties and idols Gods and statues
Hanuman, Ganesha and Durga the monkey god, elephant-headed god and rides a tiger
Brahman member of the Hindu priest class
auspicious and mantras lucky and prayers
garlands and rupees wreaths and indian coins
Citadels, massive forts led archaeologist to believe... the city was protected from enemy attacks and floods
Stone seals with writing led archaeologist to believe... a system of marking belongings was used
A sewer system and paved streets laid out in a grid pattern led archaeologist to believe... cities were carefully planned and built
Large warehouses used for storing grains led archaeologist to believe... farmers harvested crops and were able to set aside surplus grain
Jewelry made of lapis lazuli from Afghanistan led archaeologist to believe... Harappans traded with their neighbors.
Painted pottery, carved stone figures, bronze statues led archaeologist to believe... craftworkers were highly skilled
Kumbh Mela World's greatest religious fair held every 12 years
the Buddha Awakened One - believed the most important thing in life was to reach peace by ending suffering
natya dance and drama - dance given to Hindus by the gods
cease and heedful stop and aware
Created by: dbush on 2005-03-06



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