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WGUschool governance

WGUschool governance-Foundations of Teaching

Most states govern education the same way, true or false true
The state office of education in each state is responsible for setting rules and regulations, true or false false?
the federal government provides the largest source of educational funding, true or false false, state income tax and sales tax are
most of the districts budget goes to funding instruction, true or false true
students across a state are provided with basically the same amount of money to fund their education, true or false false
state board of education the legal governing body that exercises general control and supervision of the schools in a state
state board of education governs these 4 things issuing and revoking teaching licenses, est. the length of the school year, publishing standards for approving and accrediting schools, developing and implementing uniform systems for gathering data
describe characteristics of state board officials people outside the education profession, usually appointed by governor, (some states elect), don't get paid, meet periodically
state office of education responsible for implementing policy on day-to-day basis
describe characteristics of state office staff full time, paid, almost all have been teachers and most have advanced degrees in education
local school board group of elected lay citizens responsible for setting policies that determine how a school district operates
What are the 5 major functions of school boards? budget, personnel hiring/firing, curriculum, student rules, infrastructure
school board elections are controversial for 2 reasons voter turn out is low, question to whether elections should be at large or area-specific
characteristics of local school board staff most are elected and some appointed by large-city mayors or city councils, elected for 3-4 yr terms, typically male, older, white, wealthy, no background in education
superintendant school district's head administrative officer, along with his staff, responsible for implementing that policy in the district's schools, hired by school board
what is ther average tenure for superintendants and why? nationally, under 6 yrs, urban districts less than 3 bc power and authority shared between boards and superintendants leads to conflicts and the superintendants usually lose
district office assist the superintendent in translating what? school board policies into action
What are the 4 things the district office is responsible for? ordering textbooks and supplies, developing programs of study, ordering, distributing, and analyzing tests, evalutating teachers and assisting those with difficulties
school principle the individual having the ultimate administrative responsibilty for a school's operation, has the greatest impact on teacher's lives
what roles does the principle play day-to-day operation, teacher selection and evaluation, school-level curricular and instructional leadership, community relations, coordinatin of pupil service, implement and monitor school budget
categorical grants monies targeted for specific groups and designated purposes
block grants replaced categorical grants, federal monies provided to states and school districts with few restrictions for use
Increased spending per pupil has the greatest effect on what students? low-income and minority
3 emerging issues in school governance equity in funding, site-based decision making which attempts to involve teachers and parents in the running of schools, school choice in the form of charter schools and vouchers
Jonathan Kozol wrote Savage Inequalities, about poor urban schools vs. rich surburban
Demetrio Rodriquez sued Texas bc he felt his children were being unfairly punished with poor education bc of living in a poor school district, led to Serrano vs. Priest case and many others suing their states
weighted student formula means of allocating resources within a district to schools on an individual basis based on student needs
charter schools alternative schools that are independently operated but publicly funded,
issues with charter schools a lot have unlicensed teachers, lower test grades,
state tuition tax-credit plans a variation on school voucher programs in which parents are given tax credits for money they spend on private-school tuition
Created by: ageorge08