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Abbreviations

Abbreviations and Symbols, Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
AB abortion
ABO any of the four blood groups A, B, AB, and O comprising the ABO system
AED Automated external defibrillator – portable device that helps diagnose and treat cardiac arrhythmias through electrical pulses.
AI Adequate Intake – recommended average daily intake level of vitamins, nutrients, proteins, carbs, etc
amb Ambulatory – able to walk, moveable
amt amount
ant anterior
AROM Artificial Rupture of Membranes
BID bis in die – twice a day
BM Bowel Movement or Bone Marrow
BP, B/P Blood Pressure
BS blood sugar; bowel sounds; breath sounds
BSE breast self-examination
BUN blood urea nitrogen – a test of kidney function
BW birth weight
C (degrees) Celsius
c (with line above) with (cum)
CA cancer, carcinoma; cardiac arrest; chronologic age
cath catheter or catheterization
CBC complete blood count
cm Centimeter (1/100 of a meter)
CMV Cytomegalovirus – very common virus, 80% of people have been exposed.However, a fetus can become ill when a pregnant mother contracts it for the first time.
CNS central nervous system
c/o complains of
CP cerebral palsy; chest pain
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion – pelvis not large enough or correct shape to vaginally birth a baby. Can be from genetics or disease, like Rickets. Relatively rare – thought to be over diagnosed
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
C/S Cesarean section – surgical removal of the baby
C&S culture and sensitivity (testing)
Cx cervix
D/C discharge; discontinue
D & C dilation and curettage (of the uterine lining)
del delivery
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation – serious disease in which the blood over-clots – can form blood clots that float through the veins and block bodily functions
DM diabetes mellitus
DNR do not resuscitate
DOB date of birth
DRE digital rectal examination
EBL estimated blood loss
EDC estimated date of confinement - term describing the estimated delivery date for a pregnant woman
EENT eyes, ears, nose, and throat
ENT ears, nose, and throat
F (degrees) Fahrenheit
FH family history
FHR or FHT fetal heart rate or fetal heart tones
FOB father of baby
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone – secreted by the pituitary gland
G Gravida – a pregnant woman
G/P/A/L Gravida / Term / Preterm / Abortions / Living - Way to determine how many pregnancies and births a mother has had
g, gm gram
GB gallbladder
GI gastrointestinal
gt, gtt drop, drops (from latin gutta)
GTT glucose tolerance test – to check for gestational diabetes
GU genitourinary
GYN, gyn gynecology
h, hr hour
Hb, Hgb, hgb hemoglobin
HBV hepatits B virus
HCG, hCG human chorionic gonadotropin – hormone secreted during pregnancy – this is the hormone pregnancy tests look for
HCT, Hct hematocrit
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDL High-density lipoprotein – the “good cholesterol” - associated with decreased rate of coronary artery disease)
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 – well known because they protect the privacy of medical history
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
h/o history of
H2O water
H & P history and physical examination
HPV human papillomavirus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
HSV-1, HSV-2 herpes simplex virus type 1, type 2
HTN Hypertension – high blood pressure
Hx history
IM intramuscular; infectious mononucleosis
I & O intake and output – measurement of patient's fluids
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing - breathing treatment where increased breathing pressures are delivered via ventilator
IV intravenous
IUD intrauterine device (contraceptive)
IUFD intrauterine fetal demise
IUGR intrauterine growth restricted
L, l left; liter; lower
LDL Low-density lipoprotein – the “bad cholesterol” - high levels associated with heart disease
lg large
LGA large for gestational age (relating to a baby)
L/min liters per minute
LMP last menstrual period
LLQ left lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
LUQ left upper quadrant (of the abdomen)
LR lactated ringers
Lt left; long-term; less than
L & D labor and delivery
L&W living and well
mg Milligram (1/1000 gram)
Mg magnesium
mL Milliliter (1/1000 liter)
mm Millimeter (1/1000 meter)
mm Hg millimeters of mercury – units for measurement of blood pressure
N/A not available
NB newborn
N/C no complaint
neg negative
NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
NKA no known allergies
NPO nothing by mouth (nil per os)
NS nervous system
NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSVD normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
N & V, N/V, N+V nausea and vomiting
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OCs/OCP Oral contraceptives; oral contraceptive pill
OTC over the counter (drugs)
p after; following
P PULSE – also phosphorus; plan; posterior; pressure; pupil
P, para 1, 2, 3, etc. A woman who has produced one, two, three, etc offspring; unipara, bipara, tripara..
Pap, Pap smear papanicolaou smear – preparation of cells from the cervix and vagina for microscopic examination
PCN penicillin
peds pediatrics
pg picogram; Prostaglandin
pH hydrogen ion concentration – measurement of acidity or alkalinity of a solution
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU Phenylketonuria – disease due to lack of an enzyme in infants
PRN “Pro re nata” - as required; when necessary
PMH past medical history
pos positive
PP after meals (postprandial); after birth (postpartum)
PROM premature rupture of membranes – when water breaks before contractions/before full term
pt patient
q every (quaque)
R, r respiration; right; rectal (as in temp)
RBC, rbc red blood cell (count)
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
Rh Blood group system – Rhesus (factor) – used to describe a D antigen in the blood, for blood transfusions
Rh- negative D antigen in the blood
RLQ right lower quadrant (of the abdomen)
R/O, r/o rule out
ROA right occiput anterior or right occipitoanterior
Rt Right, also - related to
RUQ right upper quadrant (of the abdomen)
Rx treatment; therapy; prescription (recipe)
s (with line above) without (sin)
S1, S2 first sacral vertebra, second sacral vertebra
SAB staphylococcal bacteremia; spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
sec second
SGA small for gestational age
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
sm small; submucosal?
SOAP Subjective data, objective data, assessment, plan = symptoms perceived by patient, exam finding, evaluation of condition, goals for treatment
SOB shortness of breath
SROM spontaneous rupture of membranes
SS, S/S, S&S signs & symptoms
stat immediately (statim)
STI (STD) sexually transmitted infection
strep streptococci (bacteria)
sub-Q subcutaneous (under the skin)
Sx signs and symptoms
Sz seizure
T temperature; time
T1, T2 first thoracic vertebra, second thoracic vertebra
TAB therapeutic abortion
TB tuberculosis
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator
TFT thyroid function test
TKO to keep (vein) open for IV therapy
TM tympanic membrane
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone (secreted by pituitary)
TTN transient tachypnea of the newborn
Tx treatment
UA, U/A urinalysis
UK, unk unknown
umb umbilical or umbilicus
U/O urine output
URI upper respiratory infection
US, u/s ultrasound (imaging examination)
UTI urinary tract infection
VBAC vaginal birth after cesarean
VE vaginal examination
VDRL venereal disease research laboratory (a test for syphilis)
VS, V/S, vs vital signs; versus
VSS vital signs stable
WBC, wbc white blood cell (count)
WNL within normal limits
wt weight
X times
y, yr year(s)
y/o year(s) old
Created by: elisaself on 2014-03-18



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