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Milady Ch 5

General Sciences

Department of labor entity created to regulate and enforce safety and health standards for employees. OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Regulation that requires employers to inform employees of possible hazards of materials used in the workplace. Occupational Safety Health Act of 1970
Regulation created requiring chemical manufacturers and importers assess the potential hazards associated with their products. Hazard Communication Act
State and Federal laws require manufacturers supply this for each product sold and salons must have a printed copy available on request. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
Government agency that registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the US EPA Environmental Protection Agency
Effective in cleaning blood and body fluids on nonporous surfaces. Hospital disinfectant
A disinfectant proven to kill tuberculosis, but is not good for salon tools. Tuberculocidal disinfectants
One celled microorganism having plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through handshaking, kissing, coughing, sneezing and talking. Direct transmission
Transmission of blood or body fluids from contact with an intermediate object like a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Communicable (can be spread from person to person) Infectious
Nonscientific synonyms for disease producing bacteria. Microbes
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size. Microorganism
An organism that that grows feeds and shelters on another organism without contributing to the survival of the other organism. Parasite
Poisonous substance produced by microorganisms Toxins
a parasitic submicroscopic organism that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Round shape slow or non-moving bacteria that appear singly or in groups. Cocci
Pus forming bacteria that grow in clusters like grapes. Staphylococci
Pus forming bacteria arranged in curved lines like a string of beads. Streptococci
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia. Diplococci
Short rod shaped bacteria causing tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diptheria Bacilli
Spiral or corkscrew shaped bacteria responsible for syphilis and Lyme disease. Spirilla
Reaction due to extreme sensativity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
The presence or reasonably anticipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials. Contamination
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an items surface. Decontamination
Contact with broken skin, blood, or body fluid. Exposure Incident
Condition in which a part of the body reacts to protect itself from injury, irritation or infection. Inflammation
Illnesses resulting from conditions associated with employment. Occupational illness
Lice, mites, and ringworm Parasitic Disease
Can be treated with specific antibiotics. Bacterial Infection
Are not affected by antibiotics. Viral Infections
Disease causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids. Bloodborne Pathogens
Bloodborne virus that caused liver damage. Hepatitis
Mold, Mildew, yeast, and other plant parasites. Fungi
Affects plants and grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infection. Mildew
Disinfectant safe for salon use and may have anti rust ingredients. Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (Quats)
Disinfectant with a very high PH that can damage skin and eyes as well as the environment if poured down the drain. Phenolic Disinfectants
An effective disinfectant for all uses in the salon. If too strong it can cause damage to metals and plastics. It is corrosive and a skin irritant. Sodium Hypochlorite (Bleach)
Gaseous substance capable of destroying pathogenic bacteria. It is no longer EPA recommended for salon use due to dangers on inhalation. Fumigants
What is prevented when you add disinfectant to water, rather than water to disinfectant? Foaming
If a disinfectant gets on your skin wash with warm water and what type of soap? Liquid
Detergents that break down stubborn films and are important for removing residue of pedicure products. Chelating
Sanitizers that are used in hydrotherapy tubs and are not effective for salon use. Water Sanitizers
Created by: beckieharris