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Biome Vocabulary

ecosystem unit vocabulary

producer an organism that is able to make its own food (such as a green plant) and is a food source for other organisms
consumer an organism or animal that eats other organisms or organic matter in a food chain
decomposer an organism (like bacteria, worms, and fungi) that feed and breakdown dead organisms and put nutrients back into the soil
herbivore an animal that eats plants (like rabbit, deer, or squirrels)
carnivore a meat eating animal also known as a predator
omnivore an organism (like a bear or human) that eats plants AND animals
food chain an arrangement of organisms in an ecological community showing the flow of energy according to the order of 'what eats what?'
food web interacting food chains in an ecological community; they show how more than one animal feeds upon a producer and how energy is passed through organisms
predator an animal that lives by capturing prey as a means of staying alive. It hunts for its food.
prey an animal taken by a predator as food
survival the process of staying alive; outliving others
biome regions of the world with similar climate, animals and plants; they can be terrestrial and aquatic
photosynthesis the chemical process by which plants make their own food. Plants use light to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates. Oxygen is released during this process.
endangered threatened with extinction
extinct no longer existing
population all of the organisms that make up a specific group or occur in a specified habitat
threatened to give signs as a warning of harm to
migration the seasonal movement of a group of animals from one place to another, and in most cases, back again
camouflage coloration or patterns that help an animal to appear to blend in with its surroundings
energy pyramid a diagram that shows a food chain and where energy is used the least, next, and most; producers are always at the bottom
symbiosis the relationship between 2 different kinds of living things that live together and depend on each other
mutualism two different kinds of living things help each other out equally
commensalism a relationship in which one living thing benefits while the other living thing is neither helped nor harmed
parasitism an interaction between two living things in which one member of the relationship benefits while the other member is harmed
Created by: Anderson11