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science flashcards

Allele one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Dominate trait Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of a single gene, in which one allele masks the phenotypic expression of another allele at the same gene locus.
Recessive trait in genetics, a recessive gene is an allele that causes a phenotype that is only seen in a homozygous genotype and never in a heterozygous genotype.
homozygous having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
heterozygous having dissimilar alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci
genotype the genetic constitution of an individual organism.
phenotype the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
cloning create an exact copy of something
nuclear division a process of cloning in order to make the actual clone
reproductive cloning making a full living copy of an organism
therapeutic cloning nuclear transplantation of a patient's own cells to make an oocyte from which immune-compatible cells (especially stem cells) can be derived for transplant
embryo an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life
genome he ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
reproduction the act of making copies
genetics the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
Created by: anthonyg1815