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Anatomical Terms

Introduction : Anatomical Terms

anatomical position A position where the individual is standing with the legs together, feet flat on the floor, hands at the sides, and the arms facing forward.
midline of the body spliting the body down the middle creating a left and right part.
lateral farther away from the midline
medial closest to the midline
proximal closer to a limb
distal further from a limb
caudal closer to the umbilical region (lower body)
cranial closer to the head
dorsal surface back of the hand
palmar surface palm side of hand
plantar surface bottom of foot
dorsal cavity from the cranial to the glutes
cranial cavity contains the brain
spinal cavity contains the spinal fluid and the spinal cord
ventral cavity contains the thoracic cavity. frontal part of the body
thoracic cavity contains the longs, major blood vessels, and other structures.
pericardial cavity encloses the heart
diaphragm dome-shaped muscle used for breathing
abdominal cavity encloses the stomach, liver, spleen, and intestines
pelvic cavity contains the female reproductive organs, urinary bladder, and male ducts.
transverse plane right angle to the long axis of the organ. Devides the organs into superior and inferior sections
frontal plane divides the organ into anterior and posterior portions
sagittal plane divides the organ into left and right halves.
Created by: tylershibata