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spring 2011

Justice Ethical principle based on the concept of fairness extended to each individual
Fidelity Ethical concept based on faithfulness & keeping promises
Euthanasia Intentional action or lack of action that causes the merciful death of someone suffering from a terminal illness or incurable conditon, from greek word euthanatos means "good or gentle death"
ethical reasoning Process of thinking through what one ought to do in an orderly systematic manner based on principles
Ethical Principle Widely accepted code generally based on the humane aspects of society, that directs or governs action
Ethical dilemma A situation in which ethical principles conflict or when there is no one clear course of action in a given situation. Situation where in there is a conflict between 2 or more ethical prinicples
Ethics A branch of philosophy that deals with values of human conduct related to the rightness or wrongness of actions & the goodness & badness of the motives & ends such actions
Pt advocate Person who speaks up for or acts on behalf of the pt
Categorical Imparative Concept that states the only 1 should act only if the action is based on aprinciple thats universal
Bioethics Applicaton of general ethical principles to health care
Beneficence Ethical princeiple based on the duty to promote good & prevent harm
Autonomy Ethical principle based on the individuals right to choose and the individuals ability to acto on that choice
Assisted suicide Situation where another person provides pt with the means to end his or her own life
Active euthanasia Process of taking deliberate action that will hasten a pt's death
Advanced directive Written instruction for health care that is recognized under state law & is related to the provision of such care when the individual is incapacitated
Assault Involves any action that causes a person to fear being touched without consent or authority in a way that is offensive, insulting or physically injurous. Threat to do something that may cause harm or be unpleasant to another person
Battery Involves harmful or unwarranted contact with a pt actual harm or injury may or may not have occured. Unauthorized or unwanted touching of 1 person by another
Breach of duty Nurse/physican failed to conform to standards of care, thereby breaching or failing the existing duty. The nurse did not act as resonable, prudent nurse would have act in a similar situation
Causation Action that constitutes a breach of duty & was the direct cause of the loss damage or injury. Loss would not have happened if nurse acted in a prudent reasonable manner.
Defamation/Slander Use of words to harm or injure the personal or professional reputation of another person. Words communicated verbally 2 or 3rd party.
Durable power of attorney Legal document designating who may make health care decisions for a pt when the pt is no longer capable of decision making.
Duty Existence of a legally reconized relationship,ie physician to pt, nurse to pt
Duty to warn the exception of the pt's right to confidentiality. when health care providers are leagally obligated to warn another person who is the target of the threats were discussed during drug therapy sessions otherwise protected by confidentiality may break if p
Impaired Nurse Nurse who is habitually intemperate or is addicted to the use of alcohol or habit forming drugs
Implied contract Contract that recognizes a relationships between parties for services
Passive euthanasia Process of cooperating with the pt's dying process
Utility Ethical principle that states that an act must results in the greatest degree of good for the greatest number of people involved in a given situation
Nonmalefience Ethical principle based on the obligation to cause nor harm to others
Maternal Principle of Justice Rationale for dertermining those times when there can be unequal allocation of scarce resources
Incident Report Risk management toool used to describe and report any unusual event that occurs to a pt, visitor or staff member
Created by: posiniv