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Vocabulary for "Species and Reproduction" Unit

ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION a type of reproduction in which one parent organism produces offspring without meiosis and fertilization
BUDDING the process during which a new organism grows by mitosis and cell division on the body of its parent
CLONING a type of asexual reproduction performed in a laboratory that produces identical individuals from a cell or a cluster of cells taken from a multicellular organism
DIPLOID a cell that has pairs of chromosomes
EGG the female reproductive, or sex, cell; forms in an ovary
FERTILIZATION a reproductive process in which a sperm joins with an egg
FISSION cell division that forms two genetically identical cells
GENETICALLY IDENTICAL all of the genetic information in two different organisms is the same
HAPLOID a cell that has only one chromosome from each pair
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOME pairs of chromosomes that have genes for the same traits arranged in the same order
MEIOSIS a process in which one diploid cell divides to make four haploid sex cells; function = forms sperm and egg cells
MENDELIAN GENETICS dominant and recessive genes that come from two different parents
MITOSIS function = growth, cell repair, some types of reproduction
REGENERATION a type of asexual reproduction that occurs when an offspring grows from a piece of its parent
REPRODUCTION the natural process among organisms by which new individuals are generated
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION a type of reproduction in which the genetic material from two different cells - a sperm and an egg - combine, producing an offspring
SPERM a male reproductive, or sex, cell; forms in a testis
VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION a form of asexual reproduction in which offspring grow from a part of a parent plant
ZYGOTE the new cell that forms when a sperm cell fertilizes an egg cell
Created by: jfeltner