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Human Body Week 4

CARPALS wrist bone
PHALANGES finger and toe bone
TARSALS ankle bone
PELVIS hip bone
tendon A band of tissue that connects muscle to bone.
spongy bone The tissue inside of bone that looks like a “sponge” and is found at  the end of large bones.
compact bone The hard, dense bone tissue that is under the outer membrane of a bone.
cartilage A durable, flexible material that is found in many areas of the body. 
ligament Tough band of tissue that connects bones to other bones. 
simple fracture A bone that has broken into 2 pieces and has NOT broken through the skin.
compound fracture When the broken bone breaks through the skin.
sprain When ligaments are overstretched or torn.
joint dislocation When a bone is out of place. Commonly occur at the shoulder or hip.
arthritis Swelling and redness of a joint
osteoporosis Bone tissue becomes brittle, thin, and spongy.
smooth muscles The kind of muscle that makes up the many organs in the body.
cardiac muscles The kind of muscle that makes up the walls of the human heart.
skeletal muscles The kind of muscles that connect to bones and helps move the bones in the body. 
circulatory system The system that transports blood and other fluids throughout the body.
cerebellum The part of the brain that controls balance, coordination, and unconscious muscle activities.
cerebrum The part of the brain that controls conscious thoughts, senses, language and memories.
genetic trait A genetically determined characteristic or condition.
heart The muscular organ of an animal that pumps blood throughout the body.
ventricle A chamber in an animal’s heart that pumps blood out to the body.
brain The main control center in an animal body; part of the central nervous  system.
nervous system The system of the body that carries information to all parts of the body. 
spinal cord A bundle of nerves that runs along the back of a vertebrate within spinal column.
Created by: 4546897936