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Language Arts

midterm 2014

QuestionAnswer
a sentence a word or word group that contains a subject and a verb and that expresses a thought
sentence fragment a group of word that looks like a sentence but does not contain both a subject and a verb
subject tells whom or what the sentence is about
simple subject the main word that tells what the sentence is about
predicate the part of the sentence that tells something about the subject
simple predicate/ verb the main word that tells what something about the subject
compound subject consists of 2 or more connected subjects that has the same verb
compound verb 2 or more verbs that have the same subject
declarative sentence makes a statement and ends with a period
imperative sentence gives a command and ends with a period
interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark
exclamatory sentence shows excitement and ends with an exclamation mark
noun a word that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea
common noun names any one of a group of persons, place, things, ideas
proper noun names a specific noun
concrete nouns a person place or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
abstract nouns names a felling, and idea, a quality, or a characteristic
collective nouns a word that names a group
pronoun a word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns
personal pronouns refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about
reflexive pronouns refers to the subject and functions as a complement or an object of a preposition ends in self or selves
intensive pronouns emphasises a noun or another pronoun and is not nessary in the sentence. ends in self or selves
demonstrative pronouns points out a person, place, thing, or idea ~ this, that, these, those
interrogative pronouns introduces a question ~what, which, who, whom, whose
relative pronouns connects a word or word group and does not introduce a question
indefinite pronouns refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that may or may may not be specifically named
adjectives a word used to modify a noun or a pronoun. describes what kind, which one, and how many
articles a, an, the
verbs a word used to express an action or state of being
action verbs a verb that expresses either a physical or mental activity
linking verbs connects the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject
transitive verbs a verb that expresses an action directed towards a noun
intransitive verbs express action without the action passing to a receiver
adverb a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb
adverbs answers... where, when, how, or to what extent
prepositions a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun
conjunctions a word used to join words or word groups together
correlative conjunctions pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way EX:both...and, either...or, neither...nor, not only... but also
coordinating conjunctions join words that are used in the same way EX: and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet Remembered by FANBOYS
interjections a word used to express an emotion
direct objects a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb answers the questions 'Who' or 'what' after a transitive verb
indirect objects a noun, pronoun, or word group that sometimes appears in sentences containing direct objects
predicate nominatives a word group that is in the predicate and that identifies the subject or refers to it
predicate adjective an adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject
Created by: julia13 on 2014-02-01



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