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mrs.coleman test

erosion on a mountain range that was pushed up as a result of two continental plates colliding will lead to the formation of sedimentary rock
generally rock is made up of mixture of minerals and other materials
the process by which sediment settles out of the water or wind carrying it is deposition
the process in which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together is cementation
igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto earth's surface is called extrusive rock
when all the grains in a rock are large and easy to see, the rock is described as coarse grained
the most abundant intrusive rock in the continental crust is granite
chalk formed from sediments made of skeletons of microscopic living things in the ocean must be a(n) organic rock
rock that forms from the cooling of magma below the surface is called igneous rock
a series of processes on Earth's surface and in the crust and mantle that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another is called the rock cycle
heat and pressure deep beneath earth's surface can change any rock into metamorphic rock
where does most metamorphic rock form? deep underground
the small particles of rock or the remains of living things that make up sedimentary rocks are called _c_e_m_e_n_t___ false/sediment
high pressure can change an igneous rock into a(n) s_e_d_i_m_e_n_t_a_r_y rock false/metamorphic
igneous rocks that formed beneath earth's surface are e_x_t_r_u_s_i_v_e rocks false/intrusive
particles of minerals called g_r_a_i_n_s give a rock its texture true
chemical reactions, pressure, and ________ can cause sedimentary rock to change to metamorphic rock heat
foliated and nonfoliated are terms used to describe the texture of ____________ rocks metamorphic
small solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things are called sediment
as layer upon layer of sediments are deposited the process of _________ presses them together compaction
the carrying away of rock fragments by water wind or ice is called _______ an important process in the formation of sedimentary rocks erosion
sediment settles out of moving water by the process of __________ deposition
coal is an example of a(n) _________ organic rock a sedimentary rock that forms where thick layers of plant and animal remains are deposited organic
an igneous rock that is formed from lava is called a(n) _________ rock. metamorphic
dissolved minerals and particles of sediment stick together to form sedimentary rock in a process called _________ cementation
which group of rocks is most likely to contain fossils? why? sedimentary rocks because these rocks contain sediment from once living things from long ago
Created by: nailahab