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Science Chap. 12


What 6 characteristics describe the organism - plant? 1. eukraryates 2. multicellular 3. tissues 4.chloroplasts 5. cell walls 6. cellulose
What are two ways the plant kingdom are broken into smaller groups? 1. nonvascular 2.vascular
What is the shape or form of an organism? morphology
What is a region where a leaf is or was attached? nodes
what are taproots? give two examples? HAS ONE OR FEW MAIN ROOTS , CARROTS, DANDELLIONS
A Chloroplast is a plastid. What pigment does it contain? Chlorophyll
What is composed of long chains of sugar and makes plant cell walls rigid and strong? cellose
What are 3 patterns of venation in leaves ? Parellel, Palmote, Pinnate
The part of the leaf in between the node and the blade. The veins in the leaf will meet up and flow throught the petiole into this Stem
What are the 3 types of arrangements of the leaves on the stems? Alternate, opposite and whoried
What are 2 important cellular structures of all plant cells ? cell walls and plastids
What 2 things give plant c ells their strength? Turgo pressure and cell walls
Strawlike, Long hollow cells that carry water up from the roots to the stems and leaves. Xylem
The tissue in plants that carries sugar from the leaves to the rest of the plant. A different sugar solution than what is in the Xylem Phloem
Long narrow cells that taper to points at end. Very strong. Main job is to support the vascular bundles. Used to make thinks like rope and cloth Fibers
Outermost tissue of plants in young leaves, stems and roots. Also secretes the cuticle. Epirdemis
Waxy stubstance made by the epidermis. A protective covering that helps reduce water loss cuticle
What are the 3 major divisions of plant groups nonvascular, seedless vascular, seeded vascular
What are non vascular plants and give 3 examples parts that look like roots, layers or singles cells and no vascular tissue. ecamples are mosses, liverworts, hornwarts(hlm)
Describe seedless vascular plants and list 3 examples don't have seeds and have vascular tissues. ex: ferns, clubmoss, horsetails (cfh)
what are the 2 main parts of a fern fronds, rhizome
what is the difference between spores and seeds spores aren't covered, sees are covered spores aren't covered, seeds are covered
What are seed bearing vascular plants and list examples Most familir plant. Seeds are produced by flowers. Have seed and vascular tissuePeach, apple, watermelon, dandelions, roses.
What is known as naked seed or not fully covered? An ex: are conifers and help make paper gymnosperm
What is known as covered seed and are completely covered by protective covering called a fruit. Fruits develop from flowers. giosperms
Flowering plants are called? seed plants
An example of a fibrous roots grass
What is a blade Flat green part of leaf
What are smaller leaves called leaflets
Blades are composed of several smaller leaves Compound
Water and sugar conducting tissues are called Veins
What are 2 types of stems Woody and herbaceous
What are 4 main organs in a plant Root, stem, leaves and flowers (FLRS)
How are the 4 main organs related to the nodes Roots do not have nodes. stems have nodes. leaves do not have nodes but are attached at stems at nodes
Created by: bobokids