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Autotroph an organism that CAN make its own food (ex. plant)
heterothroph an organism that CANNOT make its own food (ex. animal)
chlorophyll the main photosyntheticic pigment (green) that captures light energy and uses it to power stage 2 of photosynthesis
stomata small openings on underside of a leaf that lets CO2 enter and O2 exit
chloroplast organelle in plants that contains chlorophyll
respiration the process by which organisms use food and oxygen to make energy stage 1 - cytoplasm stage 2 - mitochondria
mitochondria where stage 2 of respiration takes place. broken down pieces of glucose along with oxygen create a release of energy
photosynthesis equation plants make food from sunlight 6 CO2 + 6 H2O - SUNLIGHT - C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2
respiration equation C6 H12 O6 + 6 O2 -------> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Energy
Water H2O
Glucose C6 H12 O6
Carbon Dioxide CO2
Oxygen Molecule O2
What happens during photosynthesis? Stage 1 - chlorophyll captures light energy from the sun Stage 2 - light energy transforms water and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen
What happens during respiration? Stage 1 - glucose is broken down into small molecules in the cytoplasm. tiny amount of energy is released Stage 2 - broken down glusose along with oxygen enter mitichondria release energy CO2 and H2O
Reactants needed for photosynthesis 6 water (h2o) and 6 carbon dioxide (co2)
Reactants for Respiration & Products of Photosynthesis 1 glucose and 6 oxygen
Products of Respiration 6 carbon dioxide, 6 water and Energy
Created by: Study1000