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aba 4teachers safmed

osu outreach grad course Applied Behavioral Analysis

AB design
ABAB design
A student’s response competence implying their ability to perform a newly learned skill to some criterion of accuracy acquisition
alternating treatments design
A stimulus that precedes a behavior antecedent stimulus
Systematic application of behavioral principles to change socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree applied behavior analysis
An object or event received in exchange for a specific number of points, tokens. etc. backup reinforcers
Data that reflect the natural occurrence of the target behavior before intervention baseline data
bar graph
Any observable and measurable act of an individual behavior
A statement that communicates a proposed change in behavior behavioral objective
An instructional procedure that reinforces individual responses in sequence; forming a complex behavior chaining
Naturally existing or teacher-created circumstances under which a behavior is to be performed conditions
Any stimulus presented contingent on a particular response consequence
Placing contingencies for reinforcement into a written document contracting
The behavior to be changed through intervention dependent variable
A condition in which the student has not had access to a potential reinforcer deprivation state
A philosophical belief that events follow certain fixed patterns determinism
Reinforcing a more appropriate form of a behavior than the one in which the student is currently engaged differential reinforcement of alternative behavior (DRA)
Reinforcing a response that is topographically incompatible with a behavior targeted for reduction differential reinforcement of incompatible behavior (DRI)
Delivering reinforcement when the number of responses in a specified period of time is less than or equal to a prescribed limit differential reinforcement of lower rates of behavior (DRL)
Delivering reinforcement when the target behavior is not emitted for a specified period of time differential reinforcement of other behavior (DRO)
Behaviors with a clearly discriminable beginning and ending discrete behaviors
An antecedent that serves as an appropriate cue for occasioning a response results in reinforcement discriminative stimulus (SD)
Recording the amount of time between the initiation of a response and its conclusion duration recording
Statements providing the framework for planning an academic year or an entire unit of learning educational goals
Recording a frequency count of behavior as it occurs within an observation period event recording
Withholding all reinforcement for a previously reinforced behavior to reduce the occurrence of the behavior extinction
The second level (after acquisition) of student competence that describes the rate at which students accurately performs a response fluency
The number of times a behavior occurs during an observation period frequency
A quasi-causative relation that exists if the dependent variable changes in the desired direction with the introduction of the independent variable functional relation
Gathering information in order to form a hypothesis as to variables occasioning or maintaining a behavior functional assessment
Expansion of a student’s capability of performance beyond those conditions set for initial acquisition generalization
The treatment or intervention that the experimenter manipulates in order to change a behavior independent variable
A written educational plan developed for every school-aged student eligible for special education services individualized educational program
A legal term meaning that the parents and student have been fully informed of all information relevant to the activity informed consent
Schedules in which reinforcement follows some (but not all) correct or appropriate responses or follows a period of appropriate behaviors intermittent schedules
An observational recording system in which the observer counts the number of intervals when the behavior occurs interval recording
Any change in a person’s environment that is designed to change that person’s behavior intervention
Recording the amount of time between the presentation of the SD and the initiation of a response latency recording
Behavior that can be predicted by knowledge of antecedent events and a history of reinforcement lawful behavior
The ability to perform a response over time; even after systematic applied behavior procedures have been withdrawn maintenance
Demonstrating a desired behavior in order to prompt an imitative response modeling
multiple baseline design
The contingent removal of an aversive stimulus immediately following a response that increases the future probability of the response negative reinforcement
Providing concrete examples of a target behavior operational definition
Providing students with more practice than is required for initial mastery overlearning
Simultaneous presentation of primary and secondary reinforcers to condition the secondary reinforcer pairing
Recording tangible items or environmental effects that result from a behavior permanent product recording
The contingent presentation of a stimulus immediately following a response, which increases the future probability of the response positive reinforcement
A principle stating that any high-probability activity may serve as a positive reinforcer for any low-probability activity Premack principle
Stimuli that may have biological importance to an individual; such stimuli are innately motivating primary reinforcers
Collection of data at scheduled intervals rather than continuously probes
An added stimulus that increases the probability that the SD will occasion the desired response prompt
The contingent presentation of a stimulus immediately following a response, which decreases the future probability of the esponse Punishment
The consistency of data collection reports among independent observers reliability
Unprogrammed changes in similar behaviors when a target behavior is modified response generalization
A condition that occurs when there is no longer a state of deprivation satiation
The process by which students provide themselves with prompts in order to direct or maintain a particular behavior self-instruction
Data collection on one’s own behavior self-recording
Administering consequences to oneself self-reinforcement
Circumstances in an individual’s life that temporarily alter the power of reinforcers setting events
Teaching new behaviors through differential reinforcement of successive approximations to a specified target behavior shaping
The importance of behaviors changed to the community; the acceptability of procedures to consumers social validity
A set of characteristics shared by all members of a set and only the members of that set stimulus class
The relation in which an antecedent causes or cues the behavior to occur. Repeated occurrences of the behavior depend on its being reinforced stimulus control
Performance under condition other than those present during acquisition stimulus generalization
The process of breaking down a complex behavior into its component parts task analysis
The ultimate goal of an intervention terminal behavior
A discrete opportunity for occurrence of a behavior trial
Attributes unique to the individual involved in the study or to conditions associated with the environment of the study variable
Consent obtained without recourse to threats or rewards voluntary consent
Created by: jodieo1