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History of Theatre

closet drama a play intended to be read rather than performed
Passion Play a play that presents the last week of the life of Christ
satirist the term for an author who mocks human vices and follies by using wit and humor
amphitheater a circular arena surrounded by tiers of seats
mansions a series of acting stations that represented biblical settings; used in Saint and Mystery plays
pathos an element in drama that evokes sorrow and compassion
cycle a series of short plays that depict religious history from creation through doomsday
Mystery play a play based on biblical history
Moral Interlude a type of play that evolved from the Morality plays; these plays were shorter and included humorous incidents
deux ex machina an artificial plot device that an author introduces late in a play to resolve difficulties
folk drama secular drama that took place during planting time, harvest time, and Christmas; developed simultaneously with liturgical drama
Aeschylus the Greek tragedian responsible for increasing the number of actors; he wrote the Oresteia, the only surviving Greek trilogy
chorus a group of characters that explain the situation and comment on the action of the play
Aristophanes the Greek satirist whose first nine plays represent Old Comedy
Dionysus the Greek god who was honored by the dramatic contests that began in the sixth century B.C.
Saint play a play based on the legends of saints
trilogy a series of three plays related by theme, myth, or character
Andronicus he received a commission to write the first work of Roman drama
Seneca an ancient Roman writer of bombastic tragedies; his plays were closet dramas
Euripides the Greek tragedian who was a master of pathos; he wrote Medea
pageant wagon a stage on wheels that was used by the medieval guilds of the fourteenth century
Morality play a play primarily concerned with teaching right and wrong
Sophocles the Greek tragedian who wrote Oedipus Rex and Antigone
thespian a term often used to refer to an actor
Menander the author responsible for New Comedy
soliloquy a speech delivered by an actor alone onstage that revels the character's innermost thoughts
tarras the balcony on the second floor of an Elizabethan playhouse
William Shakespeare the Elizabethan playwright who is often considered the greatest dramatist of all time; he wrote Romeo and Juliet
Eugene O'Neill American dramatist known for such works as Long Day's Journey into Night and The Hairy Ape
Goethe the German dramatist who wrote Faust
commedia dell'arte professional improvised comedy that used stock characters
opera an attempt by Italian playwrights during the Renaissance to revive the music of ancient Greek drama
No (Noh) created by Zeami Morokiyo, this type of Japanese drama combines words, dance, and music that are rhythmically coordinated to the events in the story
Globe Theatre the Elizabethan playhouse with which Shakespeare was associated
Restoration the time period following the Puritan Rebellion; theater was decreed legal once again
lazzi humorous bits of stage business set apart from the main action; used in the commedia dell'arte
raked stage an acting area that is slanted upward away from the audience
innamorati and innamoratae upper-class young lovers of the commedia dell'arte
Bunraku a type of Japanese theater that features four-foot-tall marionettes; also called doll theater
Stanislavski Russian author whose works are used as the basis for defining method acting
the humors a combination of elements and body fluids that the Elizabethans believed to have an effect on personality
Renaissance term meaning "rebirth" ; the time between the medieval and modern ages in western Europe
scenarios plot outlines that were posted backstage before each performance of the commedia dell'arte troupes
groundlings the lower-class playgoers of the Elizabethan era who stood in the pit to watch the performances
Kabuki a type of Japanese theater that developed as entertainment for the general public; it borrows aspects of No and Bunraku
Christopher Marlowe the Elizabethan dramatist who introduced the first important use of blank verse; he wrote Tamburlaine the Great
the Barrymores the family of actors that links the early American stage with the modern
Ben Jonson the Elizabethan author who is known as a master of English comedy; he wrote Volpone
Peking Opera Chinese drama that incorporates historical, spoken, dance, and song drama and ballet
"Thinking Person's Society" Shaw's theory that states, "Of every 1,000 people, 700 do not think, 299 are idealists, and 1 thinks."
Created by: okarr