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Anatomical Language

A&P Lab 1 Exercise 1

anatomical position the body is ERECT (vertical) and facing forward arms are straight and at the sides of the body with palms facing forward legs are straight with the feet facing forward and flat
surpine position the body is horizontal and laying on back
prone position the body is horizontal and laying on stomach
arm located between shoulder and elbow
forearm located from elbow to wrist
thigh located between the groin and knee
leg located between knee and ankle
chest is the area of the trunk between the neck and diaphragm containing heart and lungs
abdomen is the area of the trunk between diaphragm and hip bones contains the digestive system
pelvis is the area of the trunk below the hip bone contains internal organs and urinary bladder
groin is the area on the anterior (front) surface marked by a crease where the lower limn attaches to the pelvis
axial pertaining to the central part of the body the head and trunk
cephalic pertaining to the head
cranial pertaining to the portion of the skull surrounding the brain
facial pertaining to the face
frontal pertaining to the forehead
orbitial pertaining to the eye
otic pertaining to the ear
nasal pertaining to the nose
mental pertaining to the chin
ociptial pertaining to the back of the head
cervical pertaining to the neck
thoracic pertaining to the chest
sternal pertaining to the breast bone
pectoral pertaining to the chest
mammary pertaining to the breast
umbilical pertaining to the naval
coxal pertaining to the hip
pubic pertaining to genital area
dorsal pertaining to the back
scapular pertaining to the shoulder blade area
vertebral pertaining to the spinal column
lumbar pertaining to the area of the back between the lowest rib and buttock
appendicular pertaining to the extremities or limbs
acrominal pertaining to the highest point of the shoulder
axillary pertaining to the armpit
brachial pertaining to the arm
antecubitial pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow
olecranal pertaining to the posterior surface of the elbow
antebrachial pertaining to the forearm
carpal pertaining to the wrist
manual pertaining to the hand
palmar pertaining to the palm of the hand
digital pertaining to the digits (fingers)
inguinal pertaining to the groin where the thigh attaches to the pelvis
gluteal pertaining to the buttock
femoral pertaining to the thigh
patellar pertaining to the anterior surface of the knee
popliteal pertaining to the posterior surface of the knee
crural pertaining to the anterior surface of the leg
fibular or peroneal pertaining to the lateral side of the leg
sural pertaining to the posterior surface of the leg
tarsal pertaining to the ankle
pedal pertaining to the foot
plantar pertaining to the sole of the foot
calcaneal pertaining to the heel
inferior below
superior above
anterior (ventral) closer to front of body
posterior (dorsal) closer to back of body
medial closer to the midline of the body
lateral farther from the midline of the body
intermediate between two structures
ipsilateral on the same side of the body
contralateral on opposite sides of body
proximal nearer to point of attachment of limb to trunk
distal farther from point of attachment of limb to trunk
superficial closer to surface of body
deep farther from surface of body
sagittal plane pass vertically through the body or organs and divide them into right and left sections
midsagittal plane plane passes vertically through the midline and divides the body into equal right and left halves
parasagittal plane plane passes vertically through the midline and divides the body into unequal right and left portions
coronal plane (frontal) plane passes vertically through the body and organs and produces anterior and posterior sections
transverse plane passes horizontally through the body and produces superior and inferior sections
oblique planes pass through the body at an angle forming oblique sections
longitudinal sections sections that are produced by a plane running along the long axis of a long narrow structures
cross-sections sections that are produced by a plane crossing perpendicular to the long axis
cranial cavity is formed by the bones and contains the brain
vertebral canal forned by bones of the vertebral column which contains the spinal cord
thoracic cavity chest cavity is encircled by the ribs the muscles of the chest, the sternum(breastbone), and the thoracic portion of the vertebral column chest cavity; contains pleural(lungs) and pericardial (heart) cavities and mediastinum
plueral cavity each surrounding a lung; the serous membrane of each pleural cavity is the pluera
pericardial cavity surrounds the heart the serous membrane of the pericardial cavity is the pericardium
mediastinum central portion of the thoracic cavity between te lungs extends from the sternum to vertebral columns and extends from sternum to vertebral column and from first rib to diaphram; contains heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several large blood vessels
Abdominopelvic cavity subdivided into abdonimal and pelvic cavities
abdominal cavity contains stomach, spleen, liver, gallbadder, SI, most of the LI the serous membrane of the abdominal cavity is peritoneum
pelvic cavity contains urinary bladder, portions of large intestines, and internal organs of reproduction
diaphragm is a domeshape muscle that seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
membrane thin, pliable tissue that covers, lines, partitions, or connects structures
serous membrane thin epithelium that lines the walls of the thoracic and abdominal cavities and covers the viscera with those cavities
parietal layer lines tje wallls of the cavities
visceral layer covers amd adheres to the organs within the cavities
pleura serous membrane of the pleura cavities
parietal plueral lines chest wall
visceral pleura clings to surface of lung
pleura cavity space between parietal and visceral pluera
pericardium serous membrane of the pericardial cavity
visceral pericardium covers surface of heart
parietal pericardium lines chest wall
pericardial caivty between the visceral and parietal pericardium
peritoneum is the serous membrane of the abdonimal cavity
visceral peritoneum covers the abdominal viscera
parietal peritoneum lines the abdominal wall
peritoneal cavity between the visceral and parietal peritonem
retroperitoneal located behind the peritoneal
abdominplevic regions right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umblical,left lumbar, right inguinal, hypogastric, left inguinal
Created by: jshockley