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Enviro Science

Semester 1 Exam Review

Polydactylism multiple fingers or toes (more than 5)
Environmental Science the study of the air, water, and land surrounding an organism or a community
Ecology the study of the interactions of living organisms with one another with their environment
Hooke (describe with 2 words) cell, cork
van Leeuwenhoek (describe with 2 words) micro, pond water
Schleiden (describe with 2 words) plant cells
Schwann (describe with 2 words) animal cells
Domain largest classification
Kingdom 2nd level of classification
Phylum 3rd level of classification
Class 4th level of classification
Order 5th level of classification
Family 6th level of classification
Genius 7th level of classification
Species smallest classification
how we use natural resources, how our actions alter our environment
an example of using renewable resources building wooden furniture
24,000 to 40,000 people die of starvation everyday
main types of pollution biodegradable, non biodegradable
Biodiversity the diversity, or variety, of plants and animals and other living things in a particular area or region
"The Tragedy of the Commons" describes what the conflict between individuals and society
Sustainable the condition in which human needs are met in such a way that a human population can survive
Ecological Footprint the amount of land and ocean area needed to support one person
Algae organism most likely to be in the bottom trophic level of a food chain
Food Web the term used to refer to the many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem
Herbivores the kind of organism that obtains energy only producers
If an insect eats a plant and a bird eats an insect, about how much energy comes form the plant 10%
Littoral zone a shallow zone in a freshwater habitat where light reaches the bottom and nurtures plants
Fresh Water Ecosystem a subset of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. They include lakes and ponds, rivers, streams and springs, and wetlands.
4 examples of freshwater ecosystems lake, river, streams, ponds
nektonic an organism that swims freely
Benthic an organism that lives at the bottom of an aquatic environment, or lives attached to a hard surface
SEM a microscope that gives 3D images
Resource Conservation not a main environmental problem
Pollution and Deforestation 2 effects of human activities on the hydrologic cycle
Percolation the downward movement of water from soil
The Sun it provides the energy in most ecosystems
phytoplankton plankton consisting of microscopic plants
N2 Atmospheric Nitrogen
NO3 Nitrates
NO2 Nitrites
NH+4 Ammonium
Nitrogen the element that is most abundant in the atmosphere
2 Legume Plants clover, cudzu
What role does lightening play in the nitrogen cycle it splits it and becomes a solid and then comes down as rain
An autotroph is a(n) producer
Chemosynthesis derives energy from chemicals
Atrophosome acts like a stomach
what is the base of the vent community food chain Bacteria
why are the bacteria living within the roots of a soybean plant critical parts of the nitrogen cycle they change atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form
Lichen plant most likely to be a pioneer species
Succession is possible because new species make the environment less suitable for previous ones
Phosphate Salts do not contain carbon from bodies of plants and animals that died million of years ago
Eutrophication an increase of nutrients in an aquatic ecosystem
2 environmental functions of wetlands clean pollutants, and protecting the shoreline
2 types of freshwater wetlands marshes and swamps
non woody plants are found in marshes
woody plants are found in swamps
Whelk the name of the shell found on the SC coast that looks like a conch
which sex of fiddler crabs has one large claw, and why male, to attract females
Wetlands have plentiful nutrients and the capacity for photosynthesis
Wetlands are not limited to inland freshwater environments
Estuary is a mix of salt and fresh water
which organism produces most of the food in an aquatic ecosystem phytoplankton
Estuaries are productive ecosystems because they constantly receive nutrients from rivers and oceans
which ecosystem has the highest level of salinity salt marsh
The _______________________ is not an important advantage for aquatic organisms living near the surface of a lake or a pond presence of decomposing organisms
Spartina is Cordgrasses that are highly aggressive invaders that significantly alter both the physical structure and biological composition of our tidal marshes, mudflats and creeks.
Dermal Denticles the names of the scales covering a shark
5 big classes of vertebrates Mammals, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Fish
A _______________ is an example of a shark species that is ovoviviparous Tiger Shark
This type of fertilization includes an egg case and egg layer Ovoviviparous
What are the teeth of a shark like conveyor belt
4 Reptilian characteristics of Sea Turtles claws, scales, ectothermic, leather like eggs
when was the Endangered Species Act established 1973
What order are turtles found in Testudines
5 facts about Leatherbacks largest turtle, leather like claws, eat jellyfish, hunted for oils
how many species of turtles are found on the SC coast 5 species
Hawksbill endangered, streamlined, killed for shell and soup
Kemps Ridley endangered, travel in herds, nest in the daytime
Green turtle endangered, clean, killed for shell and meat
loggerhead threatened, large head for crushing wells, weighs 150-250 pounds
what is a Curuncle the beak of a baby turtle to use to get out of the shell, later it falls off
5 things about Sea Turtle nesting same place every year, body pit, eggs hatch at same time, not all eggs are fertile, they make false nests, and false tracks
What does T.E.D. stand for and what does it do Turtle Excluder Device, helps reduce catch
Climate long term prevailing weather conditions at a particular place based upon records
what is an important property of air circulation cold air is denser than warm air
an observation that helps to explain circulation patterns in the atmosphere warm air rises and cools as it rises
rain frequently results when warm moist air rises
a physical property of air is warm air can hold more water vapor than an equal amount of cold air
why is it that prevailing winds do not blow directly northward or southward the earth continues to spin
what is the weather like along the South American coast during an el nino year a lot of rain, there is no up welling, warm water
2 things about el nino lasts for a short period of time, droughts occur in other countries
What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis 6CO2+6H20+Solar Energy=C6H12O6+6O2
What is the chemical equation for Cellular Respiration C6H12O6 + 6 O2=6 CO2 + 6 H2O + Energy (ATP)
Created by: tbostwick