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3rd SW Test Review

Function: creates chemicals called hormones in glands that affect different parts of the body. Endocrine System
Function: controls all functions in the body Nervous System
Function: ensure the continuation of the species. Reproductive System
Function: to break down food into smaller parts and absorb them into the body Digestive System
Function: rids the body of waste Excretory System
Major Organs/Parts: glands, hormones endocrine system
Major Organs/Parts: brain, spinal cord, nerves nervous system
Major Organs/Parts: uterus, ovaries, testes reproductive system
Major Organs/Parts: mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine digestive system
Major Organs/Parts: (systems) digestive, urinary, respiratory, integumentary excretory system
chemicals made in glands that cause a response elsewhere in the body hormones
tissues that make hormones glands
joining of the sperm & egg fertilization
female sex cell egg
male sex cell sperm
breaking down food with physical changes; changing its size or shape; occurs in the mouth (teeth) and stomach(churning) Mechanical (Physical) Digestion
breaking down food with chemical changes; occurs in the mouth (saliva), stomach(hydrochloric acid), & small intestine (bile) Chemical Digestion
These organs are responsible for filtering waste out of our blood. kidneys
This system sends electrical impulses (signals) throughout the body to tell it what to do. Nervous System
something that causes a response Stimulus
a reaction or change response
something that causes a response from INSIDE the body internal stimulus
something that causes a response from OUSDIE the body external stimulus
What 2 systems work together to get nutrients and deliver them to our body cells? digestive & circulatory
Our body's way of preparing itself in a startling situation (controlled by your endocrine system); It gets ready to fight or run away from the stimulus Fight or Flight
In digestion, what energy transformation occurs? chemical energy --> thermal energy & mechanical energy
Chemical digestion begins in the mouth when our saliva breaks down carbohydrates (starches) into ___. sugars (glucose)
What are some signs of a chemical change? odor produced color change gas produced precipitant (solid) produced
In digestion, large molecules are broken down into _____ molecules to they can be absorbed into the bloodstream small
Created by: MrsLeBlanc