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Genetics and Society

Exam 2

DEveloped a test for PKU that involved mixing a sample of an infant's blood with bacteria that were unable to synthesize phenylalanine. The cards on which a newborn's blood is collected and stored bears this researchers name Robert Guthrie
American researcher; Founded the Eugenics Record Office and was a proponent of eugenic policieds in the U.S Charles Davenport
British researcher; developed a biochemical method for determining the sequence of bases in a DNA molecule Frederick Sanger
American researcher; developed a means to efficiently copy specific regions of DNA molecules using heat resistant polymerases Kary Mullis
British researcher; studied extensive pedigrees of the European royalty and discovered desirable traits tend to run in families Francis Galton
Part of a team that discovered the location of the gene responsible for Hubntington's disease by studying pedigrees in a isolated population in Venezuela Nancy Wexler
Now serevs as head of the NIH; discovered many genes for human diseases and led government funded efforts to sequence the human genome Francis Collins
Options for women with a positive BRCA genetic test include... Increased cancer screening, Preventative drug therapy, Risk aviodance, Mastectomy
Huntington's Disease is what kind of inherited disease? Autosomal Dominant
PKU is what kind of an inherited disease? Autosimal Recessive
Hemophilia A is what kind of an inherited disease? x-linked recessive
The production of humilin is made possible through application of... Recombinant DNA technology
They cut DNA at specific sequences Restriction Enzymes
Comapred to Sanger sequencing, next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are... Able to generate significantly more sequence data
PCR is made practival throgh the use of polymerases that... Are derived from heat tolerant microbes
When chromosomes fall to separate during meiosis Non- disjunction
A small minority of Down syndrome cases are associated with Chromosomal translocations
In the US, Europe and among other developed nations, a modern form of eugenics is made possible primarily through Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
Organisms genetically engineered to carry and express a gene introduced from another species Transgenic Organisms
Imbalance in the number of chromosomes Aneuploidy
In the Sanger DNA sequencing methos dideoxy- nucleotides result in... Termination of a DNA chain synthesized by DNA polymerase
A genetic disease affecting only sons of affected fathers but never daughters Y-linked
Restriction enzymes are used by molecular gebeticists to... cut DNA fragments at specific sequences
Used to separate out fragments of DNA by their size Electrophoresis
Created by: 100005879671706