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Age of Exploration

TermDefinition
Treaty of Tordesilla 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain that divided their New World land claims.
Dutch East India Company Company established to direct trade in Asia. Could mint money, make treaties, and even raise an army.
Ming Dynasty Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1368-1644
Manchus Invaders from north of China who invaded and caused the Ming Dynasty to collapse.
Qing Dynasty Dynasty begun by the Manchus. Ruled China for more than 260 years.
Colony lands controlled by another nation.
Conquistador Spanish conqueror
Mestizo Mixed Spanish and Native American population.
Encomienda Forced Native American labor by the Spanish.
Pilgrims English colonizers who established English colony of Plymouth in 1620 after leaving England for being persecuted for their beliefs.
Puritans English group seeking religious freedom from England’s Anglican church. Sought to build model Christian community in the Americas.
New Netherlands Dutch land holdings established in 1621 in North America meant to be a colony for fur trading.
Jamestown Colony established by the British in 1607. Named after King James.
New France Colony established by French traders in North America in 1608.
Atlantic Slave Trade The buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas.
Triangle Trade Trade network by which African slaves were captured and traded/sold for goods in Africa, the Americas, and Europe.
Middle Passage The voyage that brought captured Africans to the Americas.
Columbian Exchange The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas.
Capitalism Economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit.
Mercantilism Theory that held that a company’s power depended on its wealth.
Joint-Stock Company Worked like a corporation with investors buying shares of stock of a company.
Created by: Reyantonio on 2013-11-26



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