Age of Exploration
|Treaty of Tordesilla ||1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain that divided their New World land claims.|
|Dutch East India Company ||Company established to direct trade in Asia. Could mint money, make treaties, and even raise an army.
|Ming Dynasty ||Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1368-1644
|Manchus ||Invaders from north of China who invaded and caused the Ming Dynasty to collapse.
|Qing Dynasty ||Dynasty begun by the Manchus. Ruled China for more than 260 years.
|Colony ||lands controlled by another nation.
|Conquistador ||Spanish conqueror
|Mestizo ||Mixed Spanish and Native American population.|
|Encomienda ||Forced Native American labor by the Spanish.
|Pilgrims ||English colonizers who established English colony of Plymouth in 1620 after leaving England for being persecuted for their beliefs.
|Puritans ||English group seeking religious freedom from England’s Anglican church. Sought to build model Christian community in the Americas.|
|New Netherlands ||Dutch land holdings established in 1621 in North America meant to be a colony for fur trading.|
|Jamestown ||Colony established by the British in 1607. Named after King James.|
|New France ||Colony established by French traders in North America in 1608.|
|Atlantic Slave Trade ||The buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas.|
|Triangle Trade ||Trade network by which African slaves were captured and traded/sold for goods in Africa, the Americas, and Europe.|
|Middle Passage ||The voyage that brought captured Africans to the Americas.
|Columbian Exchange ||The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas.|
|Capitalism ||Economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit.
|Mercantilism ||Theory that held that a company’s power depended on its wealth.|
|Joint-Stock Company ||Worked like a corporation with investors buying shares of stock of a company.|