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Psychology 2301

Chapter 14 -Psychological Disorders (Gerrig and Zimbardo, 18th Edition)

QuestionAnswer
acute temporary, severe
chronic persistent, no cure
organic physical/chemical cause
functional mental and/or social cause
anxiety disorder a psychological disorder marked by persistent anxiety that disrupts everyday functioning
generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent state of anxiety that exists independently of any particular stressful situation
panic disorder an anxiety disorder marked by sudden, unexpected attacks of overwhelming anxiety, often associated with the fear of dying or "losing one's mind"
phobia an anxiety disorder marked by excessive or inappropriate fear
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) an anxiety disorder in which the person has recurrent, intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and recurrent urges to perform ritualistic actions (compulsions)
somatoform disorder a psychological disorder characterized by physical symptoms in the absence of disease or injury
hypochondriasis a somatoform disorder in which the person interprets the slightest physical changes as evidence of a serious illness
conversion disorder a somatoform disorder in which the person exhibits motor or sensory loss or the alteration of a physiolocial function without any apparent physical cause
mood disorder a psychological disorder marked by prolonged periods of extreme depression or elation often unrelated to the person's current situation
major depression a mood disorder marked by depression so intense and prolonged that the person may be unable to function in everyday life
seasonal affective disorder (SAD) a mood disorder in which severe depression arises during a particular season, usually the winter but sometimes the summer
bipolar disorder a mood disorder marked by periods of mania alternating with longer periods of major depression
personality disorder a psychological disorder characterized by enduring, inflexible, maladaptive patterns of behavior
schizophrenia a class of psychological disorders characterized by grossly impaired social, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual functioning
disorganized schizophrenia a type of schizophrenia marked by sever personality deterioration and extremely bizarre behavior
catatonic schizophrenia a type of schizophrenia marked by unusual motor behavior, such as bizarre actions, extreme agitation, or immobile stupor
paranoid schizophrenia a type of schizophrenia marked by hallucinations, delusions, suspiciousness, and argumentativeness
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) a syndrome of physical and psychological symptoms that appears as a delayed response after exposure to an extremely emotionally distressing event
dissociative disorders disorders in which, under unbearable stress, consciousness becomes dissociated from a person's identity or her or his memories of important personal events, or both.
dissociative amnesia A complete or partial loss of memory.
dissociative fugue Complete loss of memory of one's entire identity.
undifferentiated schizophrenia A generic term when one does not fit into a criteria type.
Fetish A condition in which arousal and/or sexual gratification is attained through inanimate objects (shoes, pantyhose) or non-sexual body parts (feet, hair), its a problem when the person cannot complete a sexual act without the object present
Pedophilia This disorder is characterized by either intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (typically age 13 or younger).
Voyeurism This disorder is characterized by either intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors in which the individual observes an unsuspecting stranger who is naked, disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity. (peeping tom type thing)
Exhibitionism either intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors in which the individual exposes his or her genitals to an unsuspecting stranger
Sadism either intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors in which the individual is sexually aroused by causing humiliation or physical suffering of another person
Masochism either intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors in which the individual is humiliated, beaten, bound, or made to suffer in some way
paraphilia - sexual disorders distressing and repetitive sexual fantasies, urges, or behaviors; must occur for a significant period of time and must interfere with either satisfactory sexual relations or everyday functioning if the diagnosis is to be made
Insanity A legal term representing the inability to know right from wrong or the inability to understand the consequences of one's actions.
Abnormal not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm, interferes in everyday life or presentation in society
Partialism concentration of libidinal interest on one part of the body
Zoophilia an abnormal fondness or preference for animals.
Paranoid Personality Disorder -Paranoid -unwarranted suspiciousness -overtly sensitive to criticism -readily angered /grudges -reluctance to confide -few friends/ intimate relationships -hypervigilant about harm -deny blame of self -cold, aloof, devious and humorless
Histrionic Personality Disorder -dramatic & emotional presentation -excessive need for attention -attention-seeking behaviors -exaggerated emotional expressions
Narcissistic Personality Disorder -exaggerated sense of self-importance -complete demand for attention/admiration -exploitative -expect others to notice special qualities or talents -lack of empathy -demands to be center of attention
Dependant Personality Disorder -Needs to be taken care of -Reliance on others -Inability to assume responsibilities
Antisocial Personality Disorder -Failure to conform to social or legal codes -Lack of anxiety and guilt -Irresponsible behaviors -no remorse -very impulsive -egocentric, very munipulative, callous
Residual Schizophrenia A condition occurring in individuals with a history of schizophrenic episodes, characterized by blunted or inappropriate emotion, social withdrawal, eccentric behavior, and the making of loose associations, and lacking in prominent psychotic symptoms.
Causes of Schizophrenia Gottesman, Genetics; abnormalities in the brain; family history or family interaction as an environmental stressor
Psychosis out of touch with reality
What manual is used to classify abnormality? DSM-IV-TR
Created by: SarahElaine on 2008-07-03



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