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Cells & Energy Test

Questions are from the review sheet

What are the six characteristics of living things? cells, obtain and use energy, grow and develop, reproduce, respond to environment, specials chemicals.
converts sunlight to chemical energy. chloroplast
converts nutrients to energy. mitochondria
contains DNA and directs cell. nucleus
membrane that surrounds and protects the cell. cell membrane
non-living material that surrounds plant cell. cell wall
sac that stores water, nutrients, or waste products. vacuole
small structure that makes proteins. ribosomes
stack of membranes that packages chemicals. golgi bodies
store food or pigments. plastids
jelly-like substance within the plasma membrane. cytoplasm
sac filled with digestive chemicals. lysosome
structure that organizes motion of chromosomes. centriole
passageways where chemicals are made. endoplasmic reticulum
membrane that protects the nucleus. nuclear envelope
package created by the golgi apparatus. vesicle
structure that manufactures ribosomes. nucleolus
when your heart contracts the ventricles change size and shape. cardiac muscle
when contracts arm bends at the elbow. bicep
sucks in air for you to breath. diaphragm
when contracts leg straightens at knee. quadriceps
movement of food through the digestive system. peristalsis
when ATP falls apart energy is released and sodium is pushed out and potassium is pulled in. sodium potassium pumps
white bloods cells eat bacteria by wrapping it in the cell membrane and pulling it into the vesicle where the bacteria gets broken down. endocytosis
hormone released from cell. hormone joins with cell membrane emptying chemical into surrounding blood stream. exocytosis
when your DNA is copied into new cells that have been divided. DNA replication
follows instructions from DNA. found in red blood cells. pockets that hold oxygen. Drops of oxygen at each cell. hemoglobin production
made of protein called keratin. color comes from melanin. made by hair follicles. use DNA and materials from foods you have eaten to make. hair production
makes more lipids to make more membranes. lipid membrane
6CO2+6H2O-C6H12O6+6O2 six carbon dioxide molecules and six water molecules turns into glucose and six oxygen molecules.
6CO2+6H2O-C6H12O6+6O2 photosynthesis chemical formula
C6H12O6+6O2-6CO2+6H2O cellular respiration chemical formula
where does cellular respiration happen? in the mitochondria
where does photosynthesis happen? in the chloroplasts
what pigment is responsible for photosynthesis? a green pigment called chlorophyll
Created by: edenbreslauer