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Environmental 18

How many species per year we are losing approximately 50,000 species
Inbreeding occurs when individuals with similar genotypes, generally relatives, breed with each other.
Categories of Endangerment Extinct:No individuals of the species are known to exist today. Threatened:Species have a high risk of becoming extinct in the future. Near-threatened:Species likely to become threatened. Least concern:Species widespread and abundant in numbers.
HIPCO Habitat Loss Invasive Species Pollution Climate Change Overharvested
Habitat Loss For most species the greatest cause of decline and extinction
Invasive Species when alien species spread rapidly across large areas.
Pollution Threats to biodiversity from pollution can come from toxic contaminants such as pesticides, heavy metals, acids, and oil spills.
Overharvesting ndividuals of a species are removed at a rate faster than the population can replace them.
Lacey Act First passed in 1900, the act prohibited the transport of illegally harvested game animals, primarily birds and mammals, across state lines.
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Developed by the United Nations in 1973 to control the international trade of threatened plants and animals.
Red List The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) maintains a list of threatened species, known as the Red List.
Marine Mammal Protection Act prohibits the killing of all marine mammals in the U.S. and prohibits the import or export of any marine mammal body parts.
Endangered Species Act it authorizes the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to determine which species can be listed as threatened or endangered and prohibits their harming.
Convention on Biological Diversity Treaty had three objectives: conserve biodiversity sustainably use biodiversity equitably share the benefits that emerge from commercial use of genetic resources (e.g., pharmaceutical drugs)
Points considered when managing/designing a protected area: closeness to another area how large the area is the amount of edge habitat the area contains
Edge habitat the area where two different communities come together, typically forming an abrupt transition.
Created by: abuontempo