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Cells & Organelle

What is a cell? The smallest, most basic unit of life.
What things are made out of cells? ALL living things including plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, and many diverse single-celled organisms.
What is the job of the cell membrane? To determine what things will enter and leave the cell.
What is the job of the cell wall? To provide support and protection to a PLANT cell.
What is the job of the nucleus? To direct all of the cells activities.
What is in the nucleus? DNA (genetic information) which includes the instructions for all of the organisms traits as well as the directions for all of the activities necessary for life.
What is the job of the mitochondria? To release energy from stored food through the process of RESPIRATION.
What is the job of the vacuoles? To store water, nutrients, and waste. Sort of like your locker where you store things that you are going to need or get rid of.
What is the job of the chloroplast? To convert light from the SUN into chemical energy (food) in PLANTS. This process is called photosynthesis.
What is photosynthesis? The process of converting light from the sun into chemical energy (food). PLANT CELLS only.
What is respiration? The process whereby the mitochondria combines the chemical energy in glucose (Sugar) with oxygen to release stored energy for the cells activities.
What organelles are in plant cells but not in animal cells? cell wall and chloroplast
Do all cells look the same? NO - they look differently depending on the job that they perform for the organism. Brain cells look very different from skin cells. Bacteria look different from plant cells.
Created by: Jennielpeck