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Casey science

Parts of Electric Circuit -source of electrical energy ~generator, battery, power plant -conductor of energy ~wire connected to energy source -energy transformation device ~a device that uses and transforms electrical energy
Electrical Energy 1 light 2 sound 3 heat 4 mechanical motion
Power Equation Power = current x voltage
Parallel Circuit In a parallel circuit, if one bulb goes out, others stay on. Parallel circuits are used for houses.
Series circuit In a series circuit, if a bulb goes out all of them do. Series are not used for houses.
Ion + or - charged atom.
Conductor An object that does allow electric current to flow through it.
Insulator An object that doesn't allow an electric current to flow through it.
Energy Transformation Chemical energy >> Electric Energy >> Mechanical Energy
Magnetic Field An invisible area that surrounds a magnet.
Electric Current A flow of electricity through a circuit.
Resistance The measure of how difficult it is for electrons to flow through a material.
Transformer A device that changes the voltage of an alternating current with little loss of energy.
Voltage A measure of how much electrical potential energy each electron can gain.
Electric Discharge Movement of charges form one place to another.
Motor Something that turns electrical energy to kinetic energy.
Heat Chemical Energy (power plant) >> Electric Energy >> Heat
Magnets An object that has two magnetic poles.
Magnetism The force of attraction or repulsion of magnetic materials.
Magnetic Poles Like poles repel, but opposites attract. N<>N or N>
What makes a magnetic field? Spinning electrons in an atom.
Electrical Current Moving a field over an electrical conductor causes electrons to move.
Magnetic Domains Where all magnetic fields in the atom line up. Formed by electrons moving.
Sound Chemical Energy (power plant) >> Electric Energy >> Sound
Light Chemical Energy (battery) >> Electric Energy >> Light and Heat
Generators Chemical Energy >> Heat >> Mechanical Energy -Uses mechanical energy to turn into electrical energy -light
Sources of Electrical Energy 1 battery (chemical) 2 solar cell (light) 3 outlets (chemical)
Created by: ststansstudent