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Chapter 1 vocab

Genetic Engineering The process of removing and/or inserting genetic material in order to change an organism’s traits.
Bioinformatics The use of information technology to store, analyze, sort, label, and share the many DNA sequences generated by genome sequencing projects.
Synthetic Biology The process where biological parts and entire living systems may be designed and synthesized in the laboratory.
Developing Countries Countries that are in the process of developing in terms of infrastructure, food production, and so on.
Green Revolution A term referring to the tremendous advances in food production that began in the 1970s.
DNA A genetic protein like nucleic acid on plant and animal genes and chromosomes that controls inheritance.
Transgenic Organisms that have genetic materials inserted from a different species.
Biotech The use of technology to influence biological functions.
Genetically Modified Organisms that have been genetically changed through the intervention of humans.This includes the process of selective breeding.
Genetically Engineered The process of removing genes from one organism and transferring them to another organism.
Cloning Production of a genetically identical offspring by artificial means.
Biomanufacturing Manufacturing through the use of biotechnology.
Pharming A term that refers to growing genetically altered organsisms for the purpose of producing pharmaceuticals.
Personalized Medicine Medicine that is designed for a particular individual.
Personalized Genomics The particular gene make-up of an individual.
Gene Therapy Procedure to combat genetic diseases that involves the insertion of genes into the human genome that corrects a problem with a person’s original genes.
Stem Cells Cells that are programmed to begin the differentiation process of cell development.
Bioremediation An environmental improvement process whereby living organisms can be used to consume and convert pollutants to harmless substances.
Biotechnology The manipulation of living organisms or parts of organisms to make products useful to humans.
Created by: summerrehm