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Nativity- Grammar

Review for grammar final

type of speechdescription
noun a word that names a person, place, thing, or and idea
pronoun a word that takes the place of one or more nouns
action verb tells what action a subject is performing
adjective a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun
adverb a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
preposition a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and another word in the sentence
conjection connects words or groups of words
interjection a word that expresseses strong feeling
linking verb links the subject with another word in the sentence that either renames or describes the subject
verb phrase a main verb plus one or more helping verbs
prepositional phrases a group of words made up of a preposition, its object, and any words that modify the object
direct object a noun or a pronoun that answers the question Whom? or What? after an action verb
indirect object a noun or pronoun that answers the questions "To whom?" or "For whom?" after an action verb. (Mark has two tickets for you. Mark has tickets for who? For you.)
predicate nominatave a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and identifies, renames, or explains the subject
predicate adjective is a adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies the subject
adjective phrase a prepositional phrase that is used to modify a noun or pronoun
adverb phrase a prepositional phrase that is used mainly to modify a verb
participle a verb form that is used as an adjective
participle phrase a participle with its modifiers and complements-all working together as an adjective
clause a group of words that has a subject and a verb
independant clause a clause that can stand on its own as a sentence(a complete thought)
subordinate clause cannot stand alone because it does NOT complete a thought
adjective clause is a subordinate clause that is used to modify a noun or a pronoun
simple sentence is only one independent clause
compound sentence two or more independent clauses
complex sentence is one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses
run-on two or more sentences that are written as one sentence. They (sentences) are marked by a comma or no mark at all
principle parts of a verb the present, the present participle, the past, and the past participle
sentence fragment a group of words that does not express a complete thought
a regular verb forms its past and past participle by adding ___ to the present -d or -ed
active voice indicates that the subject is performing the action
passive voice indicates that the action of the verb is being performed upon the subject
nominative case used for subjects and predicate nominatives; i you he she it we you they
objective case used for direct objects indirect objects and objects of prepositions; me you him her it us you them
possessive case used to show ownership or possession; my mine you yours his her hers its our ours your yours their theirs
case the form of a noun or pronoun that indicates its use in a sentence
antecedent the word or group of words that a pronoun refers to, or replaces
Created by: stmvocab