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Biotech Terms

Vocab to know for Biotech unit 2

Environment The surrounding or conditions in which a person, plant, or animal lives or operates in
Plant Breeding The selection of the best plants and the saving of seeds from those plants
Enzyme A large complexprotein molecule produced by the body that speeds up various chemical reactions without being used up
Rennin A coagulant enzyme occuring particularly in the gastric juice of calves and also in some plants and lower animals
Fermentation The processing of food by means of yeasts, molds, or bacteris
Yeast A yellowish substance composed of microscopic, unicellular fungi that induces fermenatation in juices, worts, doughs, and so forth
Heredity The traits that are passed to an offspring from the parents
Law of Seregation A Law developed by Gregor Mendel saying that the factors responsible for the traits from each parent are separated and then combined with factors from the other parent at fertilization
Law of Independent Assortment A Law that states the factors (genes) for certain characteristics are passed from one parent to the next generation and are separate from the other factors or genes that transmit other traits
Cells The ultimate funtional unit of an organic structure, plant, or animal
Vaccine A substance that contains live, modified, or dead organisms or their products that is injected into an animal in attempt to protect the host from a disease caused by that particular organism
Antibiotic Germ-killing substances produced by a bacterium or mold
Artificial Insemination The deposition of spermatozoa in the female genitalia by artificial rather than natural means
Embryo Transfer The process of removing an embryo from a superior female and implanting it into an inferior female
Genetic Code The order in which four chemical constituents are arranged in huge molecules of DNA
Vertical Gene Transfer The transfer of genetic information from parents to offspring
DNA A genetic proteinlike nucleic acid on plant and animal genes and chromosomes that controls inheritance
Double Helix Description of the two spiral-shaped strose ands of phosphoric acid and deoxyribose found within the nucleus of cells
Genetic Engineering The process of altering an organism's trait(s)
Horizontal Gene Transfer A process in which microbes are natural "genetic engineers" transfering genetic material between cells
Gene Splicing The process of removing and/or inserting material in order to change an organism's trait(s)
Created by: BiotechBritt