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Oceanography 1

flash cards!

Alvin A submersible from Woods Hole that explores the deep ocean. noted for locating the wreck of the rms Titanic
Auv Automated underwater vehicles. They do not need to be tethered to a ship, and can therefore remain underwater for much longer periods of time. They can also make maps that would take humans much longer.
Bathysphere A round submarine lowered into the ocean to observe life.
Columbus European explorer who brought knowledge of the Americas to Europe.
Cook Explorer who searched for Antarctica. Despite not finding it, he made many important discoveries, such as accurate surface maps.
Eratosthenes Greek mathematician who used the position of the sun to determine the earth's circumference.
Leif Erikson Viking explorer who sailed from Greenland to what is now Canada
Edward Forbes Scientist who others thought said the deepest levels of the ocean are lifeless. He actually thought that there was little life, not none.
GPS Global Positioning System. Uses relation to satellites to determine its position.
HMS Challenger Expedition An early expedition that was the first devoted entirely to science.
latitude part of a method of determining position.
longitude another part of a method of determining position.
Ferdinand Magellan Leader of the first around-the-world expedition.
Matthew Maury Considered the "Father of Oceanography". Compiled and helped to standardize ship data, and wrote a textbook.
Ptolemy Egyptian-Greek who produced an early map of the world. While it had latitude and longitude, it presented the earth as 28% too small.
Pytheas Greek geographer-astronomer who sailed to Iceland using a system that determined ones latitude
ROV Remote Operated Vehicle. Submarine that does not carry humans, allowing it to stay underwater for greater amounts of time.
Scripps Institute of Oceanography Leading school of oceanography. Currently located in San Diego, California
Scuba Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus. Used to allow humans to remain underwater for greater periods of time.
Sonar Method of determining various characteristics of the oceans using sound.
Submersibles Craft used for underwater exploration. Able to go underwater for long periods of time.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute Another leading institute of oceanography. Located in Woods Hole, Maine.
Created by: garrettamill