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Science Ch 2 Review

smallest structure that carries out activities necessary for life cell
structure that performs a specific function within a cell organelle
all cells share these 3 features cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
the outer covering of the cell cell membrane
In addition to the cell membrane plants have this outer covering cell wall
controls activities of a cell and carries genetic information nucleus
gel-like material that surrounds all parts of the cell within the cell membrane cytoplasm
Special organelle found in plants that combines energy from sunlight with water and CO2 to create glucose chloroplast
Process of combining energy from sunlight with water and CO2 to create glucose photosynthesis
the spread of particles evenly through a liquid or gas diffusion
the simplest kind of diffusion in which particles move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration passive transport
diffusion through a membrane in which certain particles are filtered out osmosis
movement of particles from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration (requires energy) active transport
green pigment found in cloropolasts that allow them to capture energy from sunlight chlorophyll
this simple sugar is created during photosynthesis glucose
organelle in which respiration takes place mitochondria
this process is the opposite of photosynthesis respiration
the process which allows organisms to grow cell division
as cells divide they differentiate and ... specialize
a group of cells that have a common structure and function tissue
type of cells that cover surfaces epithelial
type of tissue that joins other tissues together connective
tissue that creates movement muscle
several types of tissue that work together to perform one or more functions organ
system that provides body with oxygen circulatory system
system that removes liquid wastes urinary system
system that supports body and enables movement musculoskeletal system
system that obtains nutrients from food digestive system
system that contols movements and other organs nervous system
largest organ in the human body skin
system that produces hormones to signal changes in the body endocrine system
chemicals produced by glands that act as messengers in the body hormones
Created by: ddavis201