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Living Organisms

Cells and Living Organisms

These cells do not contain a nucleus. Prokaryote
The amoeba has a nucleus; it is an example of an __________________. eukaryote
These tiny hair-like structures move back and forth on the paramecium to move the organism throughout their environment. cilia
This whip-like appendage moves an organism throughout the water environment. flagellum
This cell has no nucleus or membrane-bounded organelles. prokaryote
This structure allows the amoeba to move and obtain food. pseudopod
This structure allows food to enter the paramecium to eat microscopic organisms. oral groove and enters the gullet
This organelle controls the the activities of the cell and genetic material in the cell. nucleus
This is the organelle allows plant cells and some protists to make their own food through photosynthesis. chloroplasts
This structure protects the cell from the outside environment. cell membrane
This structure gives plant cells its shape. It is hard, rigid outermost structure of the cell. Protects the cell from harmful organisms and bacteria. cell wall
This structure is found in a protist and plant cell. It stores food and other products of the cell. vacuole
The paramecium uses this structure to obtain food. Oral groove and gullet
The amoeba uses this structure to engulf food. pseudopod
The paramecium uses these short hair-liake appendages that move back and forth to move in its environment. cilia
The euglena and bacterial cells have a long whip-like structure to move and keep harmful material away from the cell. flagellum
These structures are not found in the animal cell but are found in the plant cell. chloroplast and cell wall
Why do plant cells have large vacuoles? The store food, water, and waste. They need large vacuoles to store food made during photosynthesis.
Animal cells have two items in common. They have a nucleus and membraned-surrounded organelles.
These cells have cell walls and no nucleus. Their organelles are not surrounded by a membrane Prokaryote
The Euglenoid and Plant cells have this in common have this in common. They make their own food using Photosynthesis.
The Euglenoid uses this structure to move. flagellum
Breaks down food and worn cell parts lysosome
The cell membrane encloses objects that are too large to pass through the cell membrane. vesicle
transports packaged Proteins to different parts of the cell. endoplasmic reticulum
Proteins are created here. ribosomes
Cells are made pre-existing cells; cells are the basic unit of life; and cells are the smallest unit of life. cell theory
Glucose is converted into a form a cell can use. Food is converted into energy. mitochondrion
the organelle that packages proteins to be prepared parts of the cell and out of the cell Golgi apparatus
Makes ribosomes for the cell nucleolus
vesicles of the animal cell that help break down and recycle different parts of the cell lysosomes
directs all the activity of the cell; holds the genetic material of the cell nucleus
creates proteins RNA