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Extra Credit #1

History Of Marine Biology

ALVIN manned deep-ocean research submersible
AUV autonomous underwater vehicle
BATHYSPHERE a spherical deep-diving chamber
COLUMBUS rediscovers america in 1492
COOK explored all the oceans and began making scientific observations
ERATOSTHENES calculated earths circumference and invented the first longitude and latitude system
ERIKSON, LEIF discovers Vinland and North America
FORBES, EDWARD Dredged ocean floor and discovered new sea creatures. Father of Marine Biology.
GPS global positioning system
HMS CHALLENGER EXPEDITION discovered mid-atlantic ridge; marinas trench over 4700 new species; gathered biological chemical geological and physical data
LATITUDE parallel lines running from west to east
LONGITUDE intersecting lines that begin at poles
MAGELLAN, FERDINAND 1st person to sail around the world
MAURY, MATTHEW father of physical oceanography, the physical geography of the sea, among 1st to envision world wide patterns for surface winds and currents
PTOLEMY, CLAUDIUS 1st spherical map on flat paper, improved longitude and latitude
PYTHEAS predicted tides by studying the moon, figured out how far north or south one was by using the north star
ROV remotely operated vehicles
SCRIPPS INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY largest and oldest institute centers for ocean and surface research, 1903, California
SCUBA going underwater with air and exploring
SONAR a system of detecting objects under water and measuring depth
SUBMERSIBLES craft designed for exploration
WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTE marine science and engineering in MA study all aspects of marine biology
Created by: kaitlynkdonovan