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Vocabulary for Oceanography Chapter 1

Alvin Deep Submergence Vehicle - built in 1964, made 44 hundred dives. Human Occupied Vehicle.
AUV Autonomous Underwater Vehicles - preprogrammed, unmanned vehicles
Bathysphere spherical chamber to allow humans to view the sea from within it
Columbus Italian Explorer/navigator, sea voyager, tried to travel to Asia by circling the globe
Cook British Explorer/cartographer - used chronometer, tried and failed to reach Antarctica
Eratosthenes measured earth's circumference with the sun, the earth, and angles
Erikson, Leif Leader of vikings, traveled to North America
Forbes, Edward Used method of dredging to find organisms
GPS Global Positioning system- self explanatory. uses satellites.
HMS Challenger Expedition First global marine mission - steam assisted ship
Latitude Imaginary lines for discovering your position on the globe - run from east to west
Longtitude Imaginary lines for discovering your position on the globe - run from the north pole to the south pole
Magellan, Ferdinand portugese explorer - first to circumnavigate the earth
Maury, Matthew used his discoveries about wind patters to travel more efficiently
Ptolemy, Claudius developed system of latitude and longitude as well as a map of our spherical map on a flat paper
Pytheas discovered how the moon relates to tides, used the north star to determine longitude
ROV Remotely Operated Underwater Vehicle - unoccupied and highly maneuverable
Scripps Institute of Oceanography Institute of oceanography located in California
Scuba Self contained underwater breathing apparatus - for people do stay underwater for a long time at great depth
Sonar A method of using sound waves to navigate, used in oceanography to tell how far away land/ocean bottom is
Sumbersiles underwater vehicle, either unmanned or for humans, often controlled from surface
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute First american institute for oceanography/marine biology. Located in Massachusetts
Created by: IAmTheAg