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Vocabulary Chap. 1.3

chapter 1.3 vocab

TermDefinition
Absolute Location Location based on latitude and longitude coordinates.
Aristotle and Plato Greek philosophers who believed the earth was round.
Cartograms Maps that assign space by the size of some datum.
Cartographer Map makers; they are very concerned with the problem of distortion.
Concentration The density of particular phenomena over an area.
Density Describes how often an object occurs within a given area or space; most often used in terms of population density.
Diffusion Describes the spread or movement of a principle or idea.
Distribution The terms comes from the idea that everything on the Earths surface must have a physical location.
Environmental Determinism An important development in the field of geography in the early 20th century that stated that human behaviors are a direct result of their environment.
Formal Region Regions where anything and everything inside has the same characteristics or phenomena.
Functional Region Regions that can be defined around a certain point or node; functional regions are the most intense around the center but lose their characteristics as the distance from the focal point increases.
GIS A way for geographers to obtain new information.
GPS Global positioning system. Where you are at that point. In cars, for example.
Geography The description of the Earths surface and the people and process that shape those landscape.
Hierarchical Diffusion The notion that a phenomenon spreads as a result of the social elite, like a politician, famous person, entertainment leaders, spreading societal ideas or trends.
Latitudes (parallels) Parallel lines that run east to west on the surface of the earth.
Longitudes (meridians) Parallel lines that run north to west on the surface of the earth.
Pattern Describing how objects are organized in space, patterns can be anything; triangular, linear, or even 3 dimensional.
Possiblist An approach to geography favored by modern geographers that suggest that humans are not a product of their environment, but possess skills to change the environment to fit human needs.
Ptolemy Wrote "the guide to geography", an 8 volume guide.
Region A concept used to link different places together based on any parameter the geographer chooses.
Relative Location A location that is based on, or refers to, another feature on the earths surface.
Scale The relationship between the size of a map and the the actual size of something on the earth.
Spatial Interaction (movement) Concerned with how linked a place is to the outside world, this theme of geography deals mainly with area.
Thematic Map Used to determine some types of geographic phenomenon, thematic maps can be represented in various ways; chloropleth maps, dot maps, isoline maps.
Vernacular Region A region that exists primarily in the individuals perception or feelings. (e.g., the concept of the "South")
Arithmetic Density Determined by dividing the population of a country by the total land area.
Distance decay The lessening of a phenomenon as the distance from the hearth increases.
Industrial Revoltion 1750 in England. When Europeans developed new technologies, spurring a more mechanized system of farming and eventually moving them to stage 3 of the industrial economy.
Created by: julie_vant on 2013-09-12



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