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Abnormal Psych

*BLHS Abnormal

TermDefinition and Example
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) classifies psychological disorders by their symptoms
panic disorder an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experriences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations. EX: smokers have a high chance of an attack because of nicotine
phobias anxiety disorders marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation. EX: agoraphobia-fear of being out in public and acrophobia- fear of heights
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions). EX: tv show MONK
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience. EX: SnakePit-main girl
conversion disorder a somatoform disorder involving the actual loss of bodily function, due to excessive anxiety with no physiological cause. EX: someone may lose his voice when put in a position where he is afraid to speak.
hypochondriasis a somatoform disorder involving persistent and excessive worry about developing a serous illness. EX: someone can have a family history of cancer and worry about getting cancer all their life
dissociative amnesia a loss of memory for a traumatic event or period of time that is too painful for an individual to remember. EX: if someone witnesses a crime, they can black out the experience completly.
dissociative fugue sometimes called the "traveling amnesiac," disorder in which a person moves away, assumes a new identity, and experiences amnesia related to the previous identity. EX:one woman goes missing and then found in a different state where she started a new life.
dissociative identity disorder (DID) a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. EX: Trudy Chase
major depressive disorder a mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
seasonal affective disorder a mood disorder characterized by depression, lethargy, sleep disturbances, and craving for carbohydrates; generally occurs during the winter, when the amount of daylight is low; sometimes treated with exposure to bright lights.
bipolar disorder a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania. EX: a person can be extremly happy one moment and depressed the next.
learned helplessness the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events. EX: when animals and people experience no contol over repeated bad events, they often learn helplessness.
delusions false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders. EX: a person could think they were a pro football player, but really they arn't.
hallucinations false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus. EX: people who claim to be abducted by aliens recall being floated off their beds.
disorganized schizophrenia a type of schizophrenia characterized primarily by disturbances of thought an inappropriate affect. EX: silly behavior or absence of emotions
catatonic schizophrenia a psychotic disorder characterized by bizarre motor behavior. EX: sometimes takes the form of an immobile stupor and waxy flexibility.
undifferentiated schizophrenia simple schizophrenia characterized by fragments of the symptoms of other different types of schixophrenia. EX: a person can be perfectly normal in every aspect of life except for one area of dysfunction.
personality disorders psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning. EX: avoidant personality disorder and antisocial disorder
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. EX: students who can't focus in the classroom.
autism a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by definicient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind. EX:people have difficulty inferring others' thoughts and feelings.
anorexia nervosa an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet still, feeling fat, continues to starve. EX: girl who thinks she is fat, but really not, and starving herself to become even skinner.
bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise.
Created by: aericka on 2008-04-29



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