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Nucleus Contains the genetic material (DNA) for the cell
Cytoplasm The fluid that fills up most of the space in the cell.
Mitochondria Provides energy for the cell. The power plant of the cell.
Vacuole Stores materials for the cell. Helps regulate turgor pressure in the plant cell
Ribosomes Creates proteins for the cell
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth) In eukaryotic cells, breaks down lipids/steriods, controls calcium release, made of lipids
Chloroplast Converts energy from the sun, water (H2O), and carbon dioxide into food (sugar and oxygen) for the cell. Located in only the plant cell. Also responsible for the plant's green color (chlorophyl).
Cell Wall Provides protection and structure for the cell. Located in only the plant cell
Cell Membrane Thin, flexible outer layer that holds the cell together and controls what enters and leaves the cell
Unicellular Made up of one cell
Multicellular Made up of more than one cell
Prokaryote Cells with no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
Eukaryote Cells with a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
Cell Theory All living things are made of cells, cells can only come from other living cells, cells are the basic building block of life.
Organelle Structures that carry out funtions in a cell
Nucleolus Located inside the nucleus. Produces ribosomes
Rough ER Transpots proteins throught the cell
Golgi Body Packages macromolecules and proteins for the cell in vesicles. Makes lysosomes, stack membrane bound vesicles
Lysosome Breaks down old/uneeded parts of the cell with enzymes
Turgor Pressure Pressure exerted on a plant cell wall by water passing into the cell
Endocrine System Secretes hormones that regulate body funtions. Coordinates other body systems. Major organs include: Endocrine Glands- pituitary, hypothalamus, pineal, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenals, pancreatic islets, testes (males), ovaries (females)
Immune System Protects body against diseases Major organs include: Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, spleen
Lymphatic System Assists in recovering the body's tissue fluids and returning them to the heart. Major organs include: Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels
Homozygous Having identical (same) alleles
Heterozygous Having different alleles
Created by: Rasnab