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packet 3

What does King Philip came over for Great Spaghetti really stand for? Kingdom-Phylum-Class-Family-Genus-Species
Which is more general...Kingdom or Species? Kingdom
Which is more specific...Family or Class Family
Name the 5 kingdoms. -Moneran -Protist -Fungi -Plants -Animals
Give a decription and example of Moneran uni/multicellular; no nucleus; cell wall; simplest kingdom; all bacteria; first living organisms on Earth; producers, consumers, and decomposers
Give a description and example of Protist uni/multicellular; nucleus; 3 groups (protozoans) amoeba, (algae) euglena and seaweed, (slime mold); producers, consumers, and decomposers
Give a description and example of Fungi uni/multicellular; all decomposers; nucleus; mushrooms, yeast, and mold; cell wall
Give a description and example of Plants multicellular; all producers; chloroplast; cell wall; nucleus; corn, moss, ferns, trees, flowers, fruits and vegetables
Give a description and example of Animals multicellular; all consumers; nucleus; most complex; sponges, worms, whales, cows, snakes, insects and people
Which is the only Kingdom whose cells do not have nucleus Moneran
In which kingdom are ALL the organisms producers? Plants
Which Kingdom is made of organisms believed to be the 1st on Earth? Moneran
How are the terms "life cycle" and "metamorphosis" the same and give an example "change" in an organism.. Example: the lift cycle of a frog or butterfly
What is a decomposer? Give an example Uses dead and decaying things for nutrients Example: bacteria, fungus-mushrooms, earthworms and pillbugs
Tell me everything you know about AMOEBA! (What kingdom does it belong to? How many cells is it made of? Is it a producer, consumer or decomposer? -Protist -Consumer -Unicellular -Has nucleus
What is the difference between Cold-blooded and warm blooded? -Cold-blooded-body temp same as environment(snake) -Warm-blooded - Body temp is constant (human)
What is the difference between Invertebrate and Vertebrate Invertebrate - no backbone Vertebrate - backbone
What is the difference between Unicellular and Multicellular Unicellular - Single celled (amoeba) Multicellular - many cells (dog)
What are the 5 classes of vertebrate animals? Fish, Amphibians, reptile, birds, mammals
Are pillbugs Vertebrates or Invertebrates Invertebrates
Differentiate between producers, consumers and decomposers Producer - makes it own food Consumer - must ingest other organisms Decomposer - uses dead and decaying organisms for nutrition
What is the basic unit of all living organisms Cells
What is the smallest part of an organism that can carry out all the characteristics of living organisms Cells
Where do all cells come from: Other living cells
Explain the difference between plant and animal cell for Vacuoles Plant - larger and fewer vacuoles Animal - smaller and more vacuoles
Explain the difference between plant and animal cell for Cell Wall Plant - has cell wall Animal - no cell wall
Explain the difference between plant and animal cell for Chloroplasts Plant - has chloroplasts Animal - no chloroplasts
What 3 things do plant and animal cells have in common -Perform all life processes -Basic unit of living organisms -Both have cell membrane, cytoplasm, vacuoles, mitochondria, ER, ribosomes, nucleus and nuclear membrane
Cells can or cannot be all difference shapes Can
Cells can or cannot have different functions Can
Cells can or cannot reproduce in order to repair tissue and help an organism grow? Can
Where are chromosomes found in the nucleus
What is the function of the nucleus Brain of the cell; directs all cell activities; controls all life processes
What is the function of the nuclear membrane protects nucleus; controls all things that go in and out of nucleus
What is the function of the membrane protects inside of cell; controls all things that go in and out of cell
What is function of cell wall (plant only) protects and supports cell; gives box-like shape
What is function of cytoplasm Holds organelles; where most activities take place
What is function of mitochondria powerhouse of cell; performs respiration to make energy for cell
What is function of chloroplasts (plant only) contain chlorophyll; where food is made
What is function of vacuoles storage places for food; waste and water
What is definition of Diffusion It is the movement of molecules from crowded to less crowded areas through a cell membrane
What is the definition of Osmosis It is the movement of water across a cell membrane
What are traits and what are they passed on Traits are characteristics and are passed on genes/chromosomes from parent to offspring
Who studied pea plants and is called the father of genetics Gregor Mendel
What is heredity Passing of traits from parent to offspring
Define Dominant Gene Gene whose trait always shows and can block other genes
Define Recessive Gene gene that is hidden when the dominant gene is present
Define Heterozygous Two unlike genes for the same trait (i.e. Ff)
Define homozygous two like genes for the same trait (i.e. FF or ff)
Explain how 2 parents with brown eyes could have a blue eyed child. Use the terms dominant, recessive and heterozygous Two heterozygous brown eyed parents that are both carrying the blue-eyed gene (Bb and Bb) would have a 25% chance of the recessive trait showing (bb) because there would be no dominant gene to block it
In a pedigree chart, where are the oldest organisms Top
In a pedigree chart, what shape represents males squares
In a pedigree chart, what color represents an organism with the trait you're trying to track? Black (filled in)
What is selective breeding? When humans choose specific organisms to mate based on the desired characteristics of those organisms
Created by: KellyTravis