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life science ch. 17

QuestionAnswer
what are the characteristics of the phylum molluska? soft bodies, live in the ocean, economically important, reproduce sexually, and phylum contains the largest inverebrate the giant squid
where do inhabitants of the phylum molluska live? ocean
what are 5 animals in the phylum molluska? mollusk, squid, octopus, clams, and snails
what is a bivalve? two part shell
what is a univalve? one part shell
why are mollusks economically important? because they are eaten by man
what does a clam have for movement? a muscular foot
what are four ways an octopus can avoid predators? jet propulsion, ink, camoflauge, shed an arm
what is the siphon of an octopus used for? jet propulsion
what are the jobs of the adductor mussles of a clam? to open and close the shell of a clam
clams are what kind of eaters? filter feeders
what are the 2 siphons of a clam used for? one is for water and food entering the second is for waste and water exit
what does arthropoda mean jointed foot
what phylum does jointed foot mean? artropoda
what are the characterisitics of artropoda? numerous phylum, jointed appendages, segmented bodies, exoskeleton made of chitin
they have an exoskeleton made of? chitin
what is an exoskeleton? a hard, nonliving outer covering that supports and protects an animal
what is the largest arthropod japanese spider crab
what are the most plentiful of all arthropods, and all animals both in number and number of species insects
what are the three parts of an insect and where are they located? head-anterior part thorax- middle part abdomen- posterior part
what type of eyes do insects have? compound eyes
what are compound eyes? they have thousands of sections where during vision they receive a separate view from each section
insects have a open or closed circulatory system? open
they have a respiratory system of tiny tubes called? tracheas
they have a excretory system made of tubes called? malpighian tubules
what is complete metamorphosis? egg, larva, pupa, adult
what is incomplete metamorphosis? egg, nymph, adult
what is an example of an insect that undergoes complete metamorphosis? butterfly
what is an example of an insect that undergoes incomplete metamorphosis? grasshopper
what is the difference between a centipede and a millipede? centipede- 1 pair of legs per body segment millipede- 2 pairs of legs per body segment
what are the 3 levels of bee society and their jobs? queen- only fertile female drone- males that fertilize the eggs of the queen bee worker- are always female, have a stinger, and kill drones
what means spiny skinned phylum echinoderm
what does the phylum echinoderm include? starfish, sea cucumbers, sea urchins, sand dollars,
what type of characteristics are of the phylum echinoderm radial symmentry, live in the ocean, have arms, mouth is on the underside
insects have an exoskeleton t
phylum arthropoda has the most animals t
a bivalvue is an animal that has 2 parts pinned together t
grasshoppers have openings in their circulatory systems leading to their tracheas t
mollusks have hard bodies f
largest invertebrate is the colossal snail f
the phylum with the greatest diversity is arthropoda t
starfish are omniovers f
starfish are carvivores t
a butterfly undergoes incomplete morphosis f
the legs of an insect are found on the throatic region t
an octopus belongs to the class cephlaopoda t
what is an example of an insect that goes through incomplete metamorphosis grasshopper
how does a clam get its food filter feeds
what do clams move in order to move through the sand muscular foot
what doesn't have an exoskelton and it most molt? clam
what phylum do crayfish and millipedes belong? arthropoda
what does the octopus use for quick movements in the water siphon
what part of the clams body manufactures the shell? mantle
which doesn't belong? exoskeleton, tentacles, and compound eyes tentacles
after the starfish eats it does what? inverts its stomach
what are the long flexible substances used to capture pray? tentacles
tube feet of a starfish are controlled by muscle cells and ray and __________? water vascular system
which doesnt belong to class moluska? octopus, slug, coral, oysters coral because in the class cinidarians
what type of symmetry does the phylum echinoderm have? radial
where do echinoderms live? ocean
how do echinoderms eat? they use their water-vascular tube feet to pry open a clam or mussel shell and invert their stomach into the shell surrounding the mollusk and digest it
Crayfish and millipedes are? Arthropods
What part of the clams buddy manufactures the materials for the shell? Mantle
Clams use their muscular foot to? Move themselves through the sand
After a starfish has opened a clams shell it? Pushes its stomach into the clam
The long flexible arm like structures of an octopus used for capturing prey are? Tentacles
What is the difference between an open and closed circulatory system? Closed- their are veins and things to help distribute the blood and it stays in the blood vessels and veins Open- blood and systems are just everywhere and blood comes out of the blood vessels
Two differences in centipedes and millipedes? Centipedes- flat, 1 pair of legs per body segment, carnivores Millipedes- round, 2 pair of legs per body segment, herbivores
What is an animal with radial symmntry? Starfish
What animal is a univalve Snail
What animal is a carnivore and has poisonous claws? Centipede
What animal has tube feet? Starfish
What animal has compound eyes? Fly
Difference between incomplete and complete metamorphosis? Incomplete- adult and the young look alike Complete- adult and young look different
This is where digestion begins Mouth
What the endoskeleton of a shark is composed of Cartilage
The _____ intestines is where most digestion takes place and nutrients are absorbed Small
The muscle that aids in breathing Diaphragm
Have a backbone Vertebrates
A period of inactivity when it's cold Hibernation
The body system that transports things Circulatory system
The artery that carries the blood away from the heart to the body Aorta
The elastic tube that carries the food from the mouth to the stomach? Esophagus
The name amphibian literally means Double life
The fluid portion of the blood is called Plasma
Prevent black flow in the heart Valves
Amphibians are the only animals that undergo _______ when they change from a tadpole to a frog Metamorphosis
The fluid in the circulatory system that transports things Blood
One of the two types of teeth a front has? Maxillary or vomer teeth
The two major divisions of the nervous system Central
What are 3 characteristics of all vertebrates Backbone, blood, and an endoskeleton
Difference between an invertebrate And vertebrate Invertebrate- has no backbone Vertebrate- has a backbone
what is an endoskeleton? An internal skeleton, such as the bony or cartilaginous skeleton of vertebrates.
what is the purpose of the circulatory system Transport materials in the body
What are the two types of circulatory systems Open and closed
What is the circulatory system composed of? Blood, blood vessels, and the heart
The blood is divided into what two groups? Formed elements which are the blood cells (white and red) Plasma which is the fluid part
What do the red blood cells carry? Oxygen
What are the white blood cells for? Defense
The heart has spaces inside it called? Chambers
What are the two types of chambers? Atria- receive the blood Ventricles- that pump the blood
The heart is composed of what? Muscle tissue
What does the heart have valves To prevent back flow in the heart
How many chambers are in a fish heart 2
Amphibians have how many chambers In their heart 3
How many chambers does a reptile heart have? 4
How many chambers are in a bird/mammal heart 4
What contain the blood? The blood vessels
What are the two major arteries? Aorta and pulmonary
What are the 2 major veins Pulmonary vein Superior and inferior vena cava
What carry blood away from the heart Arteries
What carry the blood to the heart Veins
What are tiny vessels that veins and arteries end in Capillaries
What are the two main gases exchanged? Oxygen and carbon dioxide
What is the function of respiration To exchange gases
How do frogs breath Gulp
Salivary juices and mechanical breakdown of food. Mouth
Common opening of the mouth, nose, esophagus, and trachea
This is where digestion begins Mouth
What the endoskeleton of a shark is composed of Cartilage
The _____ intestines is where most digestion takes place and nutrients are absorbed Small
The muscle that aids in breathing Diaphragm
Have a backbone Vertebrates
A period of inactivity when it's cold Hibernation
The body system that transports things Circulatory system
The artery that carries the blood away from the heart to the body Aorta
The elastic tube that carries the food from the mouth to the stomach? Esophagus
The name amphibian literally means Double life
The fluid portion of the blood is called Plasma
Prevent black flow in the heart Valves
Amphibians are the only animals that undergo _______ when they change from a tadpole to a frog Metamorphosis
The fluid in the circulatory system that transports things Blood
One of the two types of teeth a front has? Maxillary or vomer teeth
The two major divisions of the nervous system Central
What are 3 characteristics of all vertebrates Backbone, blood, and an endoskeleton
Difference between an invertebrate And vertebrate Invertebrate- has no backbone Vertebrate- has a backbone
what is an endoskeleton? An internal skeleton, such as the bony or cartilaginous skeleton of vertebrates.
what is the purpose of the circulatory system Transport materials in the body
What are the two types of circulatory systems Open and closed
What is the circulatory system composed of? Blood, blood vessels, and the heart
The blood is divided into what two groups? Formed elements which are the blood cells (white and red) Plasma which is the fluid part
What do the red blood cells carry? Oxygen
What are the white blood cells for? Defense
The heart has spaces inside it called? Chambers
What are the two types of chambers? Atria- receive the blood Ventricles- that pump the blood
The heart is composed of what? Muscle tissue
What does the heart have valves To prevent back flow in the heart
How many chambers are in a fish heart 2
Amphibians have how many chambers In their heart 3
How many chambers does a reptile heart have? 4
How many chambers are in a bird/mammal heart 4
What contain the blood? The blood vessels
What are the two major arteries? Aorta and pulmonary
What are the 2 major veins Pulmonary vein Superior and inferior vena cava
What carry blood away from the heart Arteries
What carry the blood to the heart Veins
What are tiny vessels that veins and arteries end in Capillaries
What are the two main gases exchanged? Oxygen and carbon dioxide
What is the function of respiration To exchange gases
How do frogs breath Gulp
Salivary juices and mechanical breakdown of food. Mouth
Common opening of the mouth, nose, esophagus, and trachea Pharynx
Where food is mixed with digestive enzymes Stomach
Where undigested food exits the body Anus
Large tubes that run from the kidneys to the bladder Ureter
Stores urine before it exits the body Bladder
Are fish streamlined T
What protect the fish Scales
Do fish have an open or closed circulatory system Closed
How does a fish breathe Gills
What is the flow of blood to the heart From the heart, to the gills, to the body, and back to the heart
What is the process of releasing or depositing eggs Spawning
What are the 3 classes of fish Agnatha, cartilaginous, Osteichthyes
What is the life cycle of amphibians Egg, tadpole, adult
How does a frog eat A. When a fly or bug flits by, the frog hurls out its sticky tongue, snares the prey, and curls its tongue back in to swallow the meal.
What are the two divisions of amphibians Tailed and tailess
Fish are invertebrates F
Fish are cold blooded T
A fish' s scales are shed as the fish grows larger F
If a fish had a defective lateral line, it would not sense it's environment as well as it should T
A fish has a 3 chambered F
The lamprey is a jawless fish T
Sharks do not have swim bladders T
Sharks and rays are bony fish F
If a shark stops swimming it will float F no swim bladder it will suffocate
In bony fish gill flap movement moves water in through the gills and out the mouth F in through mouth out through gills
Are most snakes poisonous or nonpoisonous Nonpoisonous
How can a large alligator approach it's prey and yet be almost completely hidden Have raised eyes and nostrils
What type of skeleton does an. Insect have Exoskeleton
The phylum in the animal kingdom with the most species Arthropoda
Grasshoppers have openings in the respiratory system called Tracheas
The members of this phylum have a soft body and some have a carbonate shell Molluska
On what region of the body are the legs located Thorax or thoracic region
What does a frog use his teeth for Seals the insects in its mouth
Created by: dinospizzagirl1999 on 2013-05-28



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