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VP Ch.18 Part 1

Blume-Life Science Ch.18 Part 1

main sources of energy; starches and sugars carbohydrates
nutrients that repair and replace body cells proteins
subunits of proteins amino acids
inorganic nutrients that regulate the body's chemical reactions minerals
physical breakdown of food, as in chewing mechanical digestion
breakdown of large molecules of food for absorption chemical digestion
enzyme-containing fluid in the mouth saliva
muscular contractions that move food peristalsis
fingerlike projections in the small intestine villi
Unlike inorganic nutrients, organic nutrients contain __________. carbon
Starches are in foods such as potatoes and ________. grains
Milk, cheese, and __________ contain ALL the essential amino acids. eggs
The amount of energy available in foods is measured in _________. Calories
________ are nutrients that help store some vitamins. Fats
Saturated fats, found in ________, are believed to contribute to high cholesterol. red meats
________ are essential, organic nutrients that help the body use other nutrients. vitamins
Scurvy is a disease caused by the lack of __________. Vitamin C
Trace minerals include copper and __________. iodine
Nest to oxygen, _____ is the most vital factor for survival water
A protein speeds up the rate of chemical reactions in your body is called a ____. enzyme
The process of digestion begins in your ________. mouth
Food that leaves your stomach is the form of a thin, watery fluid called ______. chyme
The major portion of all food _________ takes place in the duodenum. digestion
The major job of the _________ is to absorb water from undigested food. large intestine
Created by: vivek151