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Skeletal 22-2

Chapter 22-2 Skeletal System

Your skeletal system is made up of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue
When you were born, most of your skeleton was made of cartilage.
What are two parts of your body that are made out of cartilage? end of nose and top of ear
Your heart and lungs are protected by ribs
Your spinal cord is protected by vertebrae
Your brain is protected by the skull
Some of your bones are filled with a special material called marrow
Red marrow makes blood cells.
The minerals found in bones are deposited by living cells called osteoblasts
What are the four functions of the skeletal system? Protection, storage, movement, blood and cell formation
It has many open spaces. spongy bone
It is rigid and dense. compact bone
It contains small blood vessels. compact bone
It provides most of the strength for bones. spongy bone
joint that allows little or no movement fixed joint
joint that allows movement in all directions ball-and-socket joint
joint that allows you to flex and extend hinge joint
joint that cushions the area where bones meet cartilage
joint that where two or more bones meet joint
joint that connective tissue that connects the bones in a joint ligaments
the type of joint found in the hand and joint gliding joint
how can of the skeletal system may become injured. Sprain, fractured, or dislocated
A disease that causes bones to become less dense is called osteoporosis
A disease that may cause joints to swell or stiffen is called arthritis
tissue that cushions the ends of bones where they meet in a joint cartlidge
what your bones store to help your nerves and muscles work properly minerals
a place where two or more bones meet joint
material that fills some of your bones and makes blood cells marrow
joint that allows the bones in your hand and wrist to move gliding joints
joint that allows you to move your arm in all directions ball and socket
joint that allows you to flex and extend your leg hinge joint
an injury in which a ligament is stretched too far or torn sprain
disease that causes bones to become weak and break more easily osteoporosis
disease that causes joints to swell or stiffen artritis
Created by: ziccardi