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Nutrition and Health

process of changing light energy into chemical energy photosynthesis
Break down of glucose to release energy cellular respiration
source of all of our energy sun
molecule that provides energy needed by organisms to perform life functions glucose
provide fuel for cell processes food
type of energy lost when an organism oxidizes (changes) food thermal (heat) energy
another term for food-chemical needed to live and grow nutrients
site of cellular respiration mitochondria
site of photosynthesis chloroplast
ingredients in a chemical reaction reactants
outcome of a chemical reaction products
green pigment in leaves chlorophyll
. needed for growth, maintenance and tissue repair found in meat, cheese, eggs, beans proteins
made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Used for fuel carbohydrates
used for energy, body insulation, and helps you absorb vitamins and minerals fats
Comes mainly from animal sources of food. Raises blood cholesterol, increases chances of disease saturated fats
Fats that lower cholesterol and the risk for Type 2 diabetes unsaturated fats
Water soluble fats lipids
. Boosts the immune system and support growth and development vitamins
comes from living materials organic
Low red blood cell count anemia
comes from non-living material inorganic
disease of the bones that leads to increased chance of fracture osteoporosis
part of a healthy diet that helps to deal with digestion fiber
Helps your body grow and develop strong bones minerals
consumption of alcohol by a pregnant woman can lead to birth defects Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
having an excess amount of body fat. obesity
a lifestyle with little or no physical activity sedentary
disease of the heart and blood vessels cardiovascular (heart) disease
disease that affect the way a body uses glucose diabetes
carbon dioxide + water yeilds glucose + oxygen photosynthesis
glucose + oxygen yeilds water + carbon dioxide cellular respiration
controls what enters and leaves the cell cell membrane
control center of the cell nucleus
transport nutrients and carry waste out of the body water
binge eating and them purging bulimia
eating disorder in which a person starves themselves anorexia
body makes insulin, but it does not always allow glucose into the cell- pancreas is overworked Type 2 Diabetes
body produces no insulin that allows glucose to build up in the bloodstream Type 1 Diabetes
What happens when you take in more calories than your body needs? Those calories are stored as fat.
Created by: scienceeagle